Manal Saadi Postgraduate researcher in International Relations and Diplomacy at the Geneva-based UMEF University
doc.dr.Jasna Cosabic professor of IT law and EU law at Banja Luka College,
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Aleksandra Krstic Studied in Belgrade (Political Science) and in Moscow (Plekhanov’s IBS). Currently, a post-doctoral researcher at the Kent University in Brussels (Intl. Relations). Specialist for the
MENA-Balkans frozen and controlled conflicts.
Dr. Swaleha Sindhi is Assistant Professor in the Department of Educational Administration, the Maharaja Sayajirao University of
Baroda, India. Decorated educational practitioner Dr. Sindhi is a frequent columnist on related topics, too. She is the Vice President
of Indian Ocean Comparative Education Society (IOCES). Contact:
It is an Ankara-based
journalist and notable author.
She is engaged with the leading Turkish dailies and weeklies for
nearly three decades as a columnist, intervieweer and editor.
Her words are prolifically published and quoted in Turkish,
French an English.
By İLNUR ÇEVIK Modified from the original: They killed 1 Saddam and created 1,000 others (Daily Sabah)
Aine O’Mahony Aine O'Mahony has a bachelor in Law and Political Science at
the Catholic Institute of Paris and is currently a master's student
of Leiden University in the International Studies programme.Contact:
Elodie Pichon Elodie Pichon has a
bachelor in Law and Political Science at the Catholic Institute of
Paris and is currently doing a MA in Geopolitics, territory and
Security at King's College London. Contact :
a MA candidate of the George
Washington University, Elliott School of International Affairs. Her
research focus is on cross-Pacific security and Asian studies,
particularly on the Sino-U.S. relations and on the foreign policy
and politics of these two.
ALESSANDRO CIPRI Born in Chile and raised in Rome, Alessandro
Cipri has just finished his postgraduate studies at the department
of War Studies of King's College London, graduating with distinction
from the Master's Degree in "Intelligence and International
Security". Having served in the Italian Army's "Alpini" mountain
troops, he has a keen interest in national security, military
strategy, insurgency theory, and terrorism studies. His Master's
dissertation was on the impact of drug trafficking on the evolution
of the Colombian FARC.
Ms. Lingbo ZHAO is a candidate of the Hong Kong Baptist
University, Department of Government and International Studies. Her
research interest includes Sino-world, Asia and cross-Pacific.
Elodie Pichon, Ms. Elodie Pichon, Research Fellow of the IFIMES Institute, DeSSA Department. This native Parisian is a Master in Geopolitics,
Territory and Security from the King’s College, London, UK.
Ambassador Muhamed Sacirbey currently lectures on Digital-Diplomacy. "Mo"
has benefited from a diverse career in investment banking & diplomacy, but
his passion has been the new avenues of communication. He was Bosnia &
Herzegovina's first Ambassador to the United Nations, Agent to the
International Court of Justice, Foreign Minister & Signatory of the Rome
Statute establishing the International Criminal Court. He also played
American football opting for a scholarship to Tulane University in New
Orleans after being admitted to Harvard, oh well!!
Amanda Janoo is an Alternative
Economic Policy Adviser to governments and development
organizations. Graduate from Cambridge University with an MPhil in
Development Studies, Amanda worked at the United Nations Industrial
Development Organization (UNIDO) supporting government's with
evidence-based industrial policy design for inclusive and
sustainable growth. Her research focus is on the relationship
between international trade and employment generation. She has
worked throughout Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa promoting greater
economic self-determination and empowerment.
Michael dr. Logies,
Endy Bayuni The writer, editor-in-chief of
The Jakarta Post, took part
in the Bali Civil Society and Media Forum, organized by the
Institute for Peace and Democracy and the Press Council, on Dec.5-6.
Bellevrat is the WEO Energy Analysts
Kira West Kira West is the WEO Energy Analysts
Victor Davis Hanson— NRO contributor Victor Davis
Hanson is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution and the author,
most recently, of The Second World Wars: How the First Global
Conflict Was Fought and Won.
Chief Research Fellow at the Primakov Institute of World Economy and
International Relations (Moscow, Russia). In 1989-1991 was a member
of Soviet negotiating team at START-1 negotiations (Defense and
Ingrid Stephanie Noriega
Ingrid Stephanie Noriega is junior specialist in International
Relations, Latina of an immense passion for human rights, democratic
accountability, and conflict resolution studies as it relates to
international development for the Latin America and Middle East –
regions of her professional focus.
Syeda Dhanak Fatima Hashmi
Author is a Foreign Policy Analyst and Research Head
at a think tank based in Islamabad. She has done Master of
Philosophy (M.Phil.) in Governance and Public Policy. Her areas of
research include both regional as well as global issues of
contemporary international relations.
Pia Victoria Poppenreiter Davos: The Other Side of the Mirror
An “inventor, startup guru, conceptualist and CEO” hangs out at the
world’s four-day power lunch
Jomo Kwame Sundaram,
a former economics professor, was United
Nations Assistant Secretary-General for Economic Development, and
received the Wassily Leontief Prize for Advancing the Frontiers of
Dr. Guy Millière,
a professor at the University of Paris, is the author of
27 books on France and Europe.
Earlier version published by the GeterstoneInstitute under the title
France Slowly Sinking into Chaos
Mr. Masato Abe,
specialist at the UN Economic and Social Commission
for Asia and the Pacific
highly decorated two star general of the Romanina army (ret.).
For the past two decades, he successfully led one of the most
infuential magazines on geopolitics and internatinal relations in
Eastern Europe – bilingual journal ‚Geostrategic Pulse’.
An early version of this text appeared as the lead
editorial in the The Geostrategic Pulse (No. 268/20.11.2018), a
special issue dedicated to the Centennial anniversary.
Dutch - Nederlands Belangrijke nieuws
French - Français
Nouvelles importantes German - Deutsch
Hong Kong: No more China’s disheartened
capitalism, please Wan T. Lee
Kong's unrest started in June 2019. It was triggered by the plans to allow
extradition to mainland China. Critics felt this could compromise judicial
autonomy and jeopardize free-speech legacy.
Until 1997, Hong Kong was under the British rule as an overseas territory
(effectively a colony), but then returned under the mainland China
jurisdiction. Under the Deng’s "one country, two systems" arrangement, it
has considerable autonomy, and Hongkongers (Mandarin: 香港人) enjoy
comparatively more civic rights.
The controversial bill was finally withdrawn in September 2019. Under the
slogan ‘too little too late’, the demonstrations continued, growing even
larger. Protesters now demand full democracy and an independent inquiry into
Lately, clashes between police and activists have turned worryingly violent;
police firing rubber bullets and occasionally even live rounds, while
protesters counter-attacking officers by throwing stones and petrol bombs.
Generational and Class struggle
remains rather underreported are social and generational dimensions of the
protests. Hence, it indeed feels to comment on some distorting
interpretations and oversimplified views.
As an illustration, one can take reporting such as James A. Dorn’s columns (eg.
“If protesters want to protect Hong Kong’s way of life, they must win the
war of ideas”). This author is cited as a China specialist. Essentially, he
is a senior fellow of the Cato Institute, a conservative think tank similar
to The Heritage Foundation, which often declares Hong Kong the “world’s
freest economy”, even though Hong Kong’s working class endures horrid living
Authors like him allude to a “war of ideas” and do criticise socialism with
Chinese characteristics, even though China has made tremendous economic
progress and enjoyed political stability. One wonders why such views and
opinions about Hong Kong or China should be considered or adopted.
China has not dictated how the US or other Western countries should run
their economies or political systems, nor has it solicited advice from these
free market theoreticians or think tanks. China has lifted at least half a
billion people out of poverty, helping to alleviate poverty globally.
Another country which has done exceptionally well and which has not
subscribed to neoliberal dogma but retains strong state control of the
economy and political freedom is Singapore.
Hong Kong’s main problem is that the sacrosanct free market has become a
political excuse for government non-interference, allowing tycoons and big
businesses to freely game the system, gorge themselves on Hong Kong’s
resources and create large wealth disparities that have contributed to our
current social and political instability.
This neither alleviated the suffering of Hong Kong’s working class nor
solved the housing problem. Rather it has allowed tycoons to profit. The
city needs tax reform so that government revenue does not rely on land
The policy of non-intervention has led to tycoons and big businesses
privatising necessities like housing, health care, education and, through
the Mandatory Provident Fund, retirement savings. This benefits the private
sector at the expense of the public.
Driven by an unrestrained greed, someone wishing to monetise, gambles with
our future. Simply, compare the Gini for Hong Kong of 1997 and of today, and
Massive social costs to enrich
few - Parasites among us
Nowhere in the world is housing as unaffordable and nowhere has it made
property developers as wealthy. Allowing markets to set prices only
reinforces the housing crisis, as does letting local and foreign investors
buy up property despite the housing shortage. Another absurdity is calling
for more free competition to break up the property cartel.
As professor Anis H. Bajrektarevic observed and compared: “… it seems that
the narrative by which the ‘freedom’ obsessed and spoiled capitalist youth
is fighting the big egalitarian communist apparatus is overly simplified and
is, thus, short in capturing the truth… It is [what is happening last months
in Hong Kong] closer to an outcry of excluded and pauperised youth – quite
similar to the one on the streets of Europe, whose protests faded away years
ago … [Well] educated but disfranchised youth that feels the generational
warfare replaced the social welfare… The Hongkongers are not fighting
against the egalitarian ideas or system.
Quite to contrary, they are bitterly opposing social inequality and endemic
The very tomorrow of European society might be – prudently or violently –
decided on the streets of Hong Kong.”
A low-tax regime mostly benefits the landlord class and big business. Hong
Kong residents actually pay among the highest taxes in the world in the form
of high rents and housing prices, yet they have scant social safety nets. A
wealth tax and more progressive taxes should be imposed to generate
government revenue, instead of relying on land sales.
Hong Kong needs the opposite of the free-market dogma, so we can have more
humane living conditions and social stability. Or as a former
Vice-chancellor of the Hong Kong University wonderfully captured: “Neither
violence, nor Beijing, can fix City’s housing shortage and lack of a social
Many Hongkongers have lost out due to economic changes, and many have
deep-seated distrust of mainland China. The Hong Kong government must first
address their social exclusions and financial insecurities, enhancing
all-generational debate before it can work on fostering a sense of Chinese
About the author:
Wan T. Lee is a Hong Kong based scholar and researcher.
December 12, 2019
Romania 101: In its second Century –
Motto:“The light is on for those who see, not for the blind ones”.
Mihai Eminescu – Romanian poet
Great Union of December 1st, 1919 was a ”stellar moment” for Romania, which
was achieved by Romanian visionary and patriotic politicians with
international support yet above all with the blood sacrifice of hundreds of
thousands of Romanian soldiers, anonymous in their sacrifice yet eminents by
sacrifying their lives on the sanctuary of imortality as a kin. It was a
strictly national objective, not directed agains anyone of the world’s
family of nations.
In fact, Romania paid in blood, probably more than other nations, its
achievements of unity and independence and the strategic mistakes of the
political class during different historical periods of the last 101 years as
War to the fore
After 1918, two essential moments marked in a dramatic way
Romania’s contemporary history: The Second World War (where Romania lost
around 800 thousand people, military and civilian) while the end of this
universal scourge marked the fall into the then USSR arch of influence (with
the acceptance – it should be said and reiterated – of the other Moscow’s
allies during the war) – and the socialist (communist) political
orientation. The second moment is represented by the events of December 1989
when on the backgound of Nicolae Ceaușescu’s and the Communist Party’s
removal from power, the orientation towards a democratic society and free
market has been resumed going into a transition period which even the dead’s
spirits and the aspirations of those who remained to achieve it have wanted
to be a very short one yet proved to be longer than we wished. The greatest
achievements of the almost 30 years of post-December 1989 period are
Romania’s joining NATO (29th of March, 2004) and the European Union (1st of
During the almost 50 years of communist dictatorship, some hundreds of
thousands more Romanians perished (the exact figure is difficult to
quantify), great part of the intellectual elite, generals, valuable
politicians who could not survive a terror regime instituted in 44
penitenciaries, 72 forced labour camps, 63 deportation centers, compulsory
domiciles, 10 psychiatric hospices with political real cause. We can ask
ourseves if Soljenitsin’s gulag was more terrifying than the gulags set up
during communism in a space called Romania.
After The Second World War, Romania could not come back to its
territorial configuration consecrated by the Great Union and, moreover, the
Kremlin leadership took care that through arbitrary drawing up of the
frontiers (and in 1952 by imposing the establishment of the Hungarian
Autonomous Region, which changed its name in Mureș Autonomous Region in
1960, afterwards abolished in 1968 only by the administrative territorial
division into counties) < Cambria">and that left several possibilities for
the neighbours’ and minorities’ possible discontents and aspirations –
especially of the Hungarian one – for achieving its political designs in
Romania and in the area.
During the socialist period we notice two important moments: the
withdrawal of the Soviet troops (June-July, 1958), while they remained in
the other socialist countries until 1990; the 1968 moment – the invasion of
Czechoslovakia, when Romania was the only socialist country that did not
take part in , followed by an independent policy from Moscow, by the
development of relations with democratic Western countries and by a
pervasive economic development (with great sacrifices and hardships
for the population) promoted by Nicolae Ceaușescu.
After December 1989 events, when some outside forces sought Romania’s
dismemberment as well – something that succeeded later on in cases of former
Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia – we went through the Târgu Mureș events of
March, 1990, another plot of tearing Transylvania away and of manipulating,
through part of international media the reality of those events. In fact, a
feature of the almost last 30 years is represented by the action of our
Hungarian co-nationals to gain territorial autonomy on ethnic criteria,
backed almost continuously by Budapest although, according to Brussels’
assessments, the rights the Hungarian minority enjoys in Romania
exceed those applied in the European states and, even more,
the ethnical Romanian citizens in the areas with Hungarian prevailing
population are subject to numerous discriminations.
When Hungary further acts and prepares actions for condemning the Treaty
of Trianon (among others Budapest will organize on 11-13 of June, 2020 a
conference on the issue) a treacherous declaration in favor of the
Transylvanian Hungarians’ ”cultural and territorial autonomy” was signed on
12th of October, 2018 in Cluj Napoca and the actions aimed at Romania’s
dismemberment, especially by creating an independent Transylvania,
will go on, as the separatist options gain ground in the European Union and
Brussels proves unable to articulate a real management of the Union.
(Post-) December 1989 residual heat The evolution of the Romanian political class after 1989 was
greatly influenced by the socialist past and, thereafter, by the political
evolutions in Europe and the USA. It would be mistaken not to mention the
influence Moscow still exerts in Romania with persuation in many fields of
the political, economic and social life.
Unfortunately, most of the valuable Romanian intellectuals refrained and
further avoid to be directly involved in the political life. That resulted
in a political class which, in general, is not able to meet the population’s
expectations and the desired evolutions. As my dear colleague prof. Anis H.
Bajrektarevic often repeats: „Eastern Europe is probably the least
influential region of the world – one of the very few underachievers.
Obediently submissive, therefore rigid in dynamic environment of the
promising 21st century, Eastern Europeans are among last
remaining passive downloaders and slow-receivers on the otherwise blossoming
stage of the world’s creativity, politics and economy.”
The most illustrative example is represented by the four presidents who
could not stand above times, each of them due to different reasons: the
first – as a result of the socialist-communist education he received
especially in Moscow; the second – an university professor (lecturer) who
declared himself being defeated by the former Securitate; the third –
conditional on his training as long-haul commercial navy officer - yet with
a political instinct that kept him in power for two mandates and who knew
how to maneuver abroad for gaining support; the fourth – a mayor of a
provincial town unexperienced in great politics who nevertheless gained in
November 2019 a second mandate although in his first one, he shone
internationally through obedience – and that played the most important role
in his recent victory. The 66% of the votes he got in the second round (and
more than 90% of the votes of the Romanians living abroad) signals a
widespread popular appreciation. The direct involvement of the SPP
(Protection and Security Service) has no relevance yet it proves Romania’s
original democracy, never met in any other of the EU’s countries.
In Romania indeed, a semi-presidential state, the president has no
decision-making competences of first importance, especially in the
economic field, as he cannot either fire the prime minister or dissolve the
parliament (except under very particular conditions), precisely for avoiding
the emergence of a new dictatorship. Yet that does not mean the president
cannot be a factor for cristallyzing the people’s aspirations and to create,
within the political class, a consensus for Romania’s future durable
development. It is exactly this kind of project which is nowhere to be found
now. Besides, since around 15 years, Romania hasn’t had any important
country project and that proves the weak leadership capabilities of the
entire political class and especially the presidency’s, who are required to
chrystallize all the nation’s forces to that purpose.
The separation of powers is affected by the struggle of the four powers
although there are numerous cases when the magistrates’ powers (judges and
prosecutors – the latter being included amongst the magistrates according to
a model which is not to be found in other European Union’s coutries) is used
by forces and interests which are not beneficial to the Romanian state in
achieving its specific objectives, sometimes under the pretext of fighting
corruption (predominantly the domestic one, without touching any of the
Several thousands of judges and prosecutors enjoy a special status in
the society as a result of the importance of their work and dispose of a
power they believe that many do not realize yet they have. In 2018 only a
law on the magistrate’s accountability was issued at a time when judgements
of the European Court of Human Rights against Romania placed the latter on
the first place as number of condemnations per capita or on the third place
after Turkey and Russia (wich have much bigger populations).
However, the governing political forces, the president included, call
for abolishing the Department for Investigating the Criminal Offences
Accountability in Justice in spite of the fact that the High Court of
Cassation and Justice opposed the abolishment, securing thus a a privileged
position for the said social category. The much touted Mechanism for
Cooperation and Verification on justice set up by the EU was and is still
used more as a Brussels’ political instrument (or by some countries) against
Romania especially on economic grounds and not for the initially declared
Romania’s accession to Schengen Area is further postponed although the
country met the technical requirements since more than five years and that
entails yearly economic losses of around 2 bill. Euro. The reasons behind
are the particular interests of certain EU members and especially the
president’s lack of action who, although represents us in the European fora,
has never presented a report on his activity at the EU.
The citizen still does not get the needed respect and the state, instead
of being the citizen’s servant, has still the mentality of being above
The current situation in Romania is due first of all to us: some of us
remained with a prejudicial obstinacy in the Byzantine reflex of
”complaining to the Sublime (High) Porte” which was later replaced by
obsequios low-bow to Moscow’s, Brussels’, Washington’s Portes or to
other great European capitals. The forest could have not been cut if the
axe had not the handle carved from the very wood of the forest, a proverb
says, and we still have enough traitors, some of them in rather important
positions, including abroad, of whom the magistrates have not yet the
courage of dealing with.
Fit for defeat ? After 1990, unhappy with the general situation in the
country and seeking a better life, more than 4 million Romanians left the
country for the EU, USA, Canada and other countries and in their greatest
majority they are physicians, professors, engineers, researchers,
technicians and highly qualified workers. It is the biggest contemporary
population exodus from a country after the one provoked by the civil war in
Syria. The danger of this situation was not correctly interpreted by the
political class either. Let alone taking effective measures to prevent the
weakening of the people’s national being!
The situation of the education is more than alarming. We had 26
ministers of Education during the last 29 years, most of them concerned
about changing the law of education. According to public data, 42% of the
pupils under 15 are functional (workable) illiterates. The relatively recent
step of granting 6% of the GDP to education must be followed by decisive
measures so that education become a top national priority. The latest 2019
budgetary adjustments cut 2 billion lei (around 500 mil. euro) from the
budget of the education.
Romania – a country able to easily secure food for a population of 90
million people – continues to import in 2019 much more food products than it
The situation of the development of infrastructure, roads, railways,
energy is deplorable. During the almost 30 years since the fall of communism
we were not able to build a highway crossing the Carpathians and our country
is the laggard in Central and Eastern Europe with 783 km of highways.
Romania has the same number of kilometers of railroads – approximately
11,000 km – as it had 100 years ago (in 1989 we had 24,000 km), and the
average circulation speed for the passenger trains is 45km/h. In exchange,
we are well placed in what the Internet speed is concerned, on the fifth
The post 1989 period is characterized economically by the foreign capital’s
taking over the subsoil resources, the public utilities and banks, as the
Romanian capital was not supported for dealing with the situation. In a
special report, a Ernst&Young research is quoted whereby the takeovers
(mergers and acquisitions) in the economies of the former socialist
countries are analysed and clasified in three cathegories, takeovers by
foreign capital, takeovers where the buyer and the seller are indigenous and
takeovers from abroad which finds out that Romania is on the first place in
what takovers by the foreign capital are concerned, 67% of them, and by far
on the last place in what takeovers abroad are concerned, with 3% only. No
country in the region witnessed such a discrepancy, of more than 22 times,
between what the indigenous capital ceded to foreign capital on its own
markets and what it managed to take over from the foreign capital on the
latter markets. The foreign capital externalizes yearly to their origin
countries pre-tax profits of at least 35-40 billion euro.
A crime is perpetrated since many years against Romania’s forests and
implicitly against its citizens. In 2019 only, 39 mil. cubic meters of
timber are disforested (of which 18 – 20 mil. cubic meters unlawfully). The
president and the government are notorious for their non involvement and
their absolute lack of a position for addressing this situation and
preventing unlawful deforestation to be followed by steady steps of
So that’s Romania’s real end-result in brief at the anniversary of 101 years
since the Great Union. We could be proud of the achievements of the past yet
at the same time we must be aware of the current problems and think of the
future with solutions adapted to both the actual situation and to the
The current international situation is a complex one and important
changes are taking place in the international order at a time when Romania,
consumed with petty domestic disputes, is quite inexistent. No one but us
will act for our sake except strictly within specific interests. Romania may
have the future it deserves if it wants to act in this regard. Another 30-40
years will be probably needed for that.
About the author:
Corneliu PIVARIU is highly decorated two star general of the Romanina army
For the past two decades, he successfully led one of the most infuential
magazines on geopolitics and internatinal relations in Eastern Europe –
bilingual journal ‚Geostrategic Pulse’.
An early version of this text appeared as the lead editorial in the The
Geostrategic Pulse (No. 268/20.11.2018), a special issue dedicated to the
December 2, 2019
Swede – manufacturing the Nazarethian preachers
By: Srdja Trifkovic
out of nowhere, suddenly and rapidly, an obscure and evidently
troubled Swedish teenager became a global celebrity. The phenomenon
of Greta Thunberg is the theme of Srdja Trifkovic’s text.
Greta Thunberg soared from an apparently lonely girl protesting
climate change with a hand-written cardboard placard outside the
parliament building in Stockholm to one of the best-recognized faces
in the world, at least for a brief while.
The Western media conglomerate would like its consumers to believe
that the phenomenon has occurred spontaneously and on its own
merits. Greta is in the news, they imply, because she is
As it happens Greta’s “spontaneous” rise was neither true in fact
nor possible in principle. Greta was not “in the news,” she became
news because there is an agenda behind her launch. This is confirmed
by ample empirical evidence. It could not be otherwise. The media do
not “reflect” reality, and they are not designed to do so. They
process reality and seek to shape reality in line with the
ideological assumptions and political ambitions of their owners and
There is no “journalistic freedom” in the news media space, on
either side of the Atlantic, any more than there is “academic
freedom” in the departments of sociology, history, or anthropology
in today’s Anglosphere. Both the media and the PC-infested academe
exist for a clear purpose. They are in the twofold business of:
• setting the agenda by imposing and vigilantly maintaining a strict
hierarchy of mandatory, desirable, or merely approved topics for
• manipulating their consumers (readers, watchers, students) into
seeing those topics as important per se, and accepting their
treatment within the prescribed terms of reference.
In the unreported reality there is a major, well financed PR machine
behind Greta. It is controlled by powerful international actors and
lavishly financed from discrete sources. This machine has enabled
her to appear on the covers of magazines, to yield over three
million results on Google, to meet Pope Francis and various world
leaders, to address the UN, etc.
At the very least it would seem intuitively legitimate to ask how
exactly did this phenomenon happen. But no major news outlet, TV
channel, or newspaper has allowed—let alone encouraged—its reporters
to go in search of the “untold story of Greta Thunberg.”
Most major media outlets are owned by a half-dozen companies. This
enables the elite class to impose a specific message on the
consumers rapidly and massively. Greta’s meteoric rise is the fruit
of such media saturation. She embodies the ability of the media to
manufacture issues ex nihilo. Mass media programming is particularly
effective when directed at those who have not developed an ability
to think critically, i.e. adolescents. Greta was developed and
fine-tuned to target this exact audience.
The green movement has accordingly degenerated into a millenarian
cult. It has its apocalyptic creed, its sacred rituals, its
heretics, and now its priests. It is rooted in the politics of
irrational fear. “Repent, you sinners, for the end of the world is
nigh!” says Greta, and she could have come straight from Salem 300
years ago. The bizarre spectacle is aided and abetted by the media
machine. Rational analysis of her claims is extremely rare and
Greta IS the High Priestess: the monotone voice, her eyes filled
with apocalyptic dread, plus warnings of the coming great ‘fire’
that will punish us all for our sins, the sense of absolute
certainty. The Western media machine has made this spectacle
possible. Greta is saying what she has been trained to say, and what
the powerful recipients of her message want her to say. Greta is a
project. She has been manipulated into manipulating others.
How it all started… With a simple tweet! “One 15 year old girl in
front of the Swedish parliament is striking from School until
Election Day in 3 weeks[.] Imagine how lonely she must feel in this
picture. People were just walking by. Continuing with the business
as usual thing. But the truth is. We can’t and she knows it!”
Tagged in Rentzhog’s “lonely girl” tweet were additional twitter
accounts: Greta Thunberg, Zero Hour (youth movement), Al Gore’s
Climate Reality Project, and the People’s Climate Strike Twitter
account. Rentzhog is a member of Al Gore’s Climate Reality
Organization Leaders, part of its European Climate Policy Task
In the media-ignored real world, the very foundations which have
financed the climate “movement” over the past decade are the same
foundations now partnered with the Climate Finance Partnership
looking to unlock 100 trillion dollars from pension funds.
Check out “The Manufacturing of Greta Thunberg for Consent” for the
identities of individuals and groups at the helm of this
interlocking matrix, controlling both the medium and the message.
There’s one Mårten Thorslund, chief marketing and sustainability
officer of We Don’t Have Time, who took many of the very first
photos of Thunberg following the launch of her school strike on
August 20, 2018. His photos accompany the launch article written by
David Olsson, chief operating officer of We Don’t Have Time,
“Greta became a climate champion and tried to influence those
closest to her. Her father now writes articles and gives lectures on
the climate crisis, whereas her mother, a famous Swedish opera
singer, has stopped flying. All thanks to Greta. And clearly, she
has stepped up her game, influencing the national conversation on
the climate crisis—two weeks before the election.”
We Don’t Have Time reported on Greta’s strike on its first day and
in less than 24 hours its Facebook posts and tweets received over
20,000 likes, shares and comments. It didn’t take long for national
media to catch on: “As of the first week of the strike, at least six
major daily newspapers, as well as Swedish and Danish national TV,
have interviewed Greta. Two Swedish party leaders have stopped by to
talk to her.”
The article continues: “Is there something big going on here? This
one kid immediately got twenty supporters who now sit next to her.
This one kid created numerous news stories in national newspapers
and on TV. This one kid has received thousands of messages of love
and support on social media.”
What was going on was the launch of a global campaign to usher in a
required consensus for the the Green New Deal and other
climate-related policies and legislation written by the power elite.
This is necessary in order to unlock the trillions of dollars in
funding—ostensibly due to massive public demand. Agreements and
policies which include carbon capture and storage (CCS), enhanced
oil recovery (EOR), bio-energy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS),
rapid total decarbonisation, payments for ecosystem services
(“natural capital”), etc., need money. Their development and
maintenance requires a mechanism to unlock $100 trillion for new
investments and infrastructure. The project is audacious, but it is
deemed doable by its creators.
The manipulative masterminds behind the Greta Project are her own
parents. Her father is actor Svante Thunberg, and his father is
actor and director Olof Thunberg. Her mother is the famous opera
singer Malena Ernman who became a celebrity at the Eurovision Song
Contest in 2009. In 2017, Ernman won the WWF “Environmental Hero”
award for her “involvement in the climate issue”. Just a year later,
on August 20th, 2018, her 15-year-old daughter started protesting in
front of the Swedish parliament. Four days later, Ernman published a
book Scenes From the Heart, which claims (inter alia) that Greta can
actually see carbon dioxide emanating from vehicles and buildings.
A young woman is often seen “advising” Greta. Meet Luisa-Marie
Neubauer, a member of ONE Campaign, managed by Bill Gates and Bono
and funded by George Soros’ Open Society Foundation. The corporate
media machine overtly denies any such connection. To wit, the
Associated Press (on its “fact-checking” site!) has an item with the
weird title Climate activist Greta Thunberg does not have ‘handler’.
The AP felt compelled to deny any such possibility upfront. It
admits that Neubauer is linked to the Soros-funded group, but
asserts that she does not serve as Greta’s “handler." Well, that
settles the matter.
The media class is imposing frames which make every discourse
possible only within its peculiar terms of reference. The result is
a global problem that is a synthesis of all others. The globalist
utopia advocated by Al Gore, Soros, Greta’s handlers, et al., is
symptomatic of the looming end of Western culture as such. The
elite’s environment, the real world outside the Empire’s control
centers, is rapidly becoming symbolic rather than substantial.
However, on the plus side, the power of the corporate media is on
the wane among the grown-ups. Its overtly partisan character in the
U.S. is manifested in the collective Trump Derangement Syndrome. The
collapse of all standards is grotesquely manifested in the media
coverage of the Epstein affair. In the media world, the “natural” is
squeezed out of the milieu, with nature merely providing the
building blocks for the virtual.
The Western elite class, spearheaded by the media machine, seeks a
new form of the ‘end of history’ in the transformation of society
into a socio-technological system regulated by the enlightened state
apparatus composed of themselves. Artificially induced climate
panic, based on dubious science, is a major step in this endeavor.
It would reflect the culture of man who has lost his bond with
nature, immersed in artificial reality and permeated with it from
There is a malaise at the very core of Western media machine, and
Greta is one of a thousand possible case studies. The corporate
media elite shares with its masters the rejection of polities based
on national and cultural commonalities. It detests durable national
elites, constitutions and institutions. It is hostile to independent
national economies. It exalts transnational institutions and
mechanisms of control, such as the EU machine. It rejects Western
political tradition based on limited government at home and
nonintervention in foreign affairs. Above all, it advocates a form
of state capitalism managed by the transnational elite apparatus of
global financial and regulatory institutions.
The elite class’s core belief—that society should be managed by the
transnational state in both its political and its economic life—is
equally at odds with the tenets of the old liberal left and those of
the traditional right. After the demise of totalitarian XX century
projects, neoliberalism has become the agent of what Oswald Spengler
presciently described, over a century ago, as the Decline of the
The Western media machine is an accessory to the project, its
instigator and propagator. The media controllers’ key dictum—that
humans can and should be transformed by the process of systematic
indoctrination—was not defeated in the Berlin bunker or on the
Berlin Wall. It must be debunked, discredited and destroyed, for the
sake of truth, and decency, and—ultimately—for the sake of
humankind’s very survival.
Srdja Trifkovic, Ph.D., is foreign affairs
editor for Chronicles: A Magazine of American Culture. He is a
professor of international relations at the University of Banja Luka
in Bosnia-Herzegovina and the author of several books. Earlier
version of this text appeared in the Chronicles, under the title:
“Greta the Swede, or Gretinizing the Global Media”
Belt and Road Initiative: Challenging South and Southeast Asia
Dr. Muhammad Zulfikar Rakhmat
The euphoria about the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in
Indonesia and elsewhere in South and Southeast Asia (SEA) has been felt
since 2017, particularly following the country’s participation in the BRI
Summit in Beijing that year, where Indonesia (along with other SAARC and
ASEAN member states) was expected to receive massive investments from China
to support several infrastructure projects. This year, the debates concerning the BRI are again becoming prevalent after
Indonesia’s Coordinating Minister for Maritime Affairs Luhut Binsar
Panjaitan as Indonesia's representative signed 28 BRI projects last April.
Among the various debated subjects is the growing concern about the real
nature of the BRI. Is that a Chinese developmental initiative or a
geopolitical instrument that uses debt-trap as a tool to bring targeted
countries into the desired terms.
The BRI as Chinese debt trap
In the realisation of the BRI, China is targeted to spend US $ 4.4 trillion
(Rp 62.7 thousand trillion) which is divided into various infrastructure
projects in 65 countries. The funds from China will be disbursed from three
main institutions, namely the Export-Import Bank of China, the Asia
Infrastructure Investment Bank and the Silk Road Fund. However, the
implementation of the BRI caused various kinds of controversy, one of which
was related to the fear of a debt trap.
Sri Lanka is one of the BRI participating countries that must give up on
China’s debt. The Mattala Rajapaksa International Airport (MRIA) project in
Sri Lanka which costed US $ 190 million (Rp 2.7 trillion) with an interest
of 6.3 percent did not benefit from the airport's operations.
As a result, the Sri Lankan government is losing money. This made the
country unable to pay debts to China. The inability to pay credit or
interest, at the end of June 2016, led Sri Lanka to make an agreement with
China in the form of equity (surrendering land for lease) for 99 years to
According to a well-known SAARC strategic analyst based in India, Brahma
Chellaney, what China does with its BRI is a debt-trap diplomacy effort,
where this type of diplomacy is a bilateral relationship that is interwoven
on the basis of debt. In its operations, this type of diplomacy involves a
creditor country that deliberately extends excessive credit to the debtor
country. If the debtor country cannot fulfill its debt obligations, often
the creditor country will make it possible to interfere with economic and
political conditions in the debtor country.
Acknowledging this, Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad in August 2018
said his country would stop funding-backed projects from China, including a
railway line worth US $ 20 billion as there is a possibility that the
country would be trapped in huge debts.
“We should avoid binary categorisations… However, a bilateral approach in
developmental strategies historically does not bring back satisfactory
results. Besides the Bretton Woods instruments – often enveloped in
controversies, do not forget developmental champions. All of them are
multilateral institutions of fair conditionalities, of balanced and
transparent instruments: UNIDO, ADB, but also Islamic Development Bank, OFID
or UNCTAD. If not a loan, ask them at least for advice”, prof. Anis H.
Bajrektarevic reminded us recently in Kuala Lumpur at the Economic Forum.
Indonesia and lessons from Malaysia
The same concern is also prevalent in Indonesia, given that the country, in
the midst of many of its own problems, the government seemed to be
incessantly ambitious to continue to take part in the BRI. It is important
to remember that currently Indonesia's external debt has reached US$387.6
billion at the first quarter of 2019. It consists of government and central
bank external debts of US$190.5 billion that have slightly rose by 3.1
percent (year-on-year) and private external debts of US$197.1 bilion that
have rocketed by 12.8 percent (year-on-year).
Although the ratio of Indonesia’s external debt to Gross Domestic Product
(GDP) is relatively safe at the level 36.9 percent and S&P Global Rating has
just raised the long-term sovereign credit ratio for Indonesia from “BBB-“
to “BBB”, the Indonesia’s economic foundation is very fragile.
In 2018, for instance, the massive capital outflow made significant
depreciation of the Rupiah against the US dollar due to the hike of Fed Fund
Rates and the contagion of Turkish lira crisis. The currency hit about
15,000 rupiah against the greenbacks, the lowest level since the 1998
financial crisis, and made it one of the worst performing currencies in the
region. The extreme volatility of the Rupiah causes payments of interests and
foreign debts more expensive. The 1998 financial crisis provided a precious
experience that many companies faced default and the country’s economy
experience chaos with economic growth of -13.1%. With such conditions, how
come Indonesia dear to magnify its debts by signing massive BRI projects?
There is also a concern that the BRI projects is, instead of profiting
Indonesia, putting the country at a disadvantage. One example comes from the
Palembang LRT project, which has the same potential as the airport in Sri
Lanka, is empty with little visitors. In fact, this project must suffer
losses with an operating burden of Rp. 8.9 billion (US$618, 545) per month.
By looking at the fact that infrastructure projects have not been able to
improve economic growth and to the gap in inequality - especially in the
East - as well as various other disputes, the government's decision to sign
many BRI projects is certainly questionable. Also ironic is that the
implementation of infrastructure development in Indonesia remains suffering
from overt corruption practices. Instead of aiming at the welfare of
society, infrastructure projects often become fields of concern for
interested parties. Overall, there is a possibility that Indonesia will face
Chinese debt trap is it is not careful, which would have negative impacts on
the Indonesian economy.
The government needs to be able to make sure that participating in the BRI
would not led to its loss. As what Malaysia has done, Jakarta may need to
renegotiate with China on the terms and conditions of those projects.
Indonesia must realise that China needs them more than they need China as
the planned maritime route under the BRI would not be realised without
Indonesia. Malaysian case demonstrates that negotiation is possible with
China. Failure to do the above, it would not be surprising if what happened
to Sri Lanka would also happen to Indonesia.
Dr. Muhammad Zulfikar Rakhmat is a lecturer at Universitas Islam
Indonesia and a research associate at Jakarta-based Institute for
Development of Economics and Finance. Dendy Indramawan is a research assistant at Jakarta-based Institute for
Development of Economics and Finance.
NOVEMBER 20, 2019
International Institute IFIMES prepared the analysis of actual
political situation in the Western Balkans prior to the European
Council meeting to be held in Brussels on 17th and 18th October
2019, where the date for the start of negotiations with Republic
North Macedonia and Republic Albania for their EU membership shall
be determined. From the comprehensive analysis “Western Balkans
2019: Does the EU push the Western Balkans countries to the Russian
‘hug’?” we present the most important and the most interesting
Western Balkans 2019:
Western Balkans and decades ‘eaten’ by the
EU’s double standards
Regular autumn meeting of the European Council (EC) shall be held on
17th and 18th October in Brussels. Although the importance of
meeting of the EU leaders is focused on Brexit on October 31st 2019,
the Western Balkans expects that the Republic of North Macedonia and
the Republic of Albania get the date for the start of the
negotiations with the EU.
The EU was made as peace project after the end of the World War II
and it enabled to ensure permanent peace in Europe and long-term
stability. In recent past, in the Western Balkans though, several
wars were going on. Therefore, a fragile peace was established and
The analysts believe that the EU leaders must be aware of the fact
that if they want the EU peace project to be continued, it needs to
be implemented in the Western Balkans countries, because through the
EU membership, it would be ensured that countries of that region
achieve permanent peace and long-term stability. As long as the
Western Balkans is an unstable region, the EU shall not be able to
address the key issues and long-term strategic positioning in the
Is the Western Balkans a stepchild of Europe ?
European leaders have often confirmed their support to the Western
Balkans and its Euro Atlantic road, expressing at the same time
concerns about the impact of individual states in the region,
particularly Russia, China and Turkey. The EU with its enlargement
stalemate practically pushes the Western Balkans counters to Russian
„hug“, to blame in the end those countries for their close relations
and cooperation with Russia. However, some EU states always set new
requirements and membership criteria for the Western Balkans.
Some experts have been pointing out that 15 EU member countries
would not be able to fully meet the membership criteria now, which
are required from the Western Balkans countries. They also note that
Bulgaria and Romania were admitted to the EU membership, as well as
Croatia recently, without imposing so strict requirements of the
membership. In 2004 only 9,5 countries were accepted to the EU
membership, because only half the Cyprus was accepted. The French
region Corsica and the Italian region Sicily are also mentioned as
those, where the EU regulations do not function at all as stipulated
by the EU standards, regulations and directives.
(Non)functioning of the EU can be illustrated best on the example of
the dialogue between official Belgrade and Pristina on normalization
of the relations, which is mediated by the EU. Although so called
Brussels agreement on dialogue was signed on April 19, 2013 the
dialogue was terminated and its destiny is not certain.
The dialogue was held non-transparently, while on the other side the
EU demands transparency from the Western Balkans countries, though
the EU is non-transparent itself. It proved in the cases of tax
evasion for certain transnational companies, which were happening in
Luxembourg in times when its prime minister was the current
president of the European Commission Jean-Cloud Juncker (EPP). There
are numerous examples of non-transparency and unacceptable role of
The Unacceptable role of the EU – the case of
Ursula van der Leyen
The latest example of an unacceptable role of the EU is disputable
visit of newly elected president of the European Commission (EC)
Ursula von der Leyen (CDU/EPP) to the Republic of Croatia. She will
have to be more careful in future when it comes to the Western
Balkans and actions of the European Commission. Von der Leyen said
during the visit that she will work on bringing closer the Western
Balkans countries to the EU. The Western Balkans is the part of the
Europe and if the EU wants those countries to become EU members, it
must precisely define the year of the enlargement, and not only send
the statements about this; otherwise those countries will be forced
to find some other solutions to take.
Croatia is typical example of new European behaviour. Actually,
Croatia does not respect the decisions of international arbitration
court regarding the cross-border dispute with Slovenia. At the same
time, Republic of Croatia does not respect the decision of the
International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Courts for the crimes
perpetrated in the former Yugoslavia (MICT), by which certain highly
positioned officials of Croatia and Croatian Democratic Party (HDZ)
are sentenced by absolute decision for participation in the
associated crime against Bosnia and Herzegovina. HDZ is a political
party against which the process is ongoing at the district court in
Zagreb. At the same time it should be added that the position of
Serbian community in Croatia suddenly deteriorated after Croatia
became full member of the EU. Serbian community was cooperative and
important factor, which contributed that Croatia became the EU
The audit of events from the Word War II is ongoing in Croatia where
the attempts are made to rehabilitate fascist and collaboration
armies and present them as anti-fascist. Of enormous importance is
the position of Jewish community, which still did not resolve the
issue of returning its property taken from them. Audit of history
contributed that the Jewish community and other anti-fascist
associations independently and in fact separately celebrate
anniversary of liberation from the concentration camp Jasenovac that
was held by the Ustasha regime. Representatives of the Croatian
state do not take place at those commemorations. Pro fascist
appearances and speeches of the president of the Republic of Croatia
Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović (HDZ) and her open involvement in internal
affairs in the nearby Bosnia and Herzegovina are evident.
Croatia as the EU and NATO member did not resolve open border issues
with any of the neighbours except for Hungary, since it inherited
that border from former Yugoslavia.
Republic Croatia shall on January 1, 2020 start with the Presidency
of the EU Council. The focus of its presidency will be the Western
Balkans where it is in conflict with almost all states. Croatia does
not recognize legal and legitimate election of the Croat Željko
Komšić (DF) for Presidency member of Bosnian and Herzegovina from
the Croatian population only because its favourite president of HDZ
BiH controversial Dragan Čović (HDZ BiH) was not elected. Komšić was
elected based on the same election law by which Mr Čović was
previously elected. It became almost constant trend that Croatian
officials misuse their EU and NATO membership when it comes to
Bosnia and Herzegovina as well as to the Republic of Serbia. It is
expected that similar situation will be soon in the Council of
Europe (CoE), because secretary general of the Council of Europe is
Marija Pejčinović Burić (HDZ), former minister of foreign affairs of
The analysts find worrying the fact that the EU and NATO
institutions did not react to the behaviour of Croatia when it comes
to Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia, because it is evident Croatia
misuses its EU and NATO membership. Many war criminals find their
shelter in Croatia, including those who were sentenced by absolute
decision in Bosnia and Herzegovina for the crimes they perpetrated,
while Croatian secret services harass the citizens of Bosnia and
Herzegovina living on its territory. Croatian police practices
inhuman behaviour against the migrants (beating and torture) and
performs illegal readmission of migrants from its territory to BiH,
which was already alerted by the human rights organisations. Croatia
strongly builds its relations with Russia despite the introduced
sanctions of the EU against Russia. Croatia shall need help to face
and overcome challenges and situations it is in. If it wants its
chair mandate in the EU not to be doomed in advance, at least when
it comes to the Western Balkans, it shall need help from the EU as
well as from the countries of the region, because the experiences so
far showed that „facing the self“ is the most difficult.
Trilateral Serbia – North Macedonia – Albania
In Novi Sad on October 10, 2019 trilateral meeting between president
of Serbia Aleksandar Vučić (SNS) and prime ministers of North
Macedonia and Albania, Zoran Zaev (SDSM) and Edi Rama (PS) was held.
Declaration of measures for establishment of „small Schengen“ was
signed between the three countries.
This declaration should help the entire Western Balkans region to
start functioning in four key EU freedoms – freedom of movement of
capital, goods, services and people.
Joint declaration foresees elimination of state border controls and
other obstacles to simpler movement in the region until 2021, and
also to enable citizens to travel in the region with personal ID
card only as well as to find employments anywhere if they have the
certificate of their qualifications.
Declaration also foresees recognition of diplomas in the region as
well as better cooperation in combatting organised crime and support
in cases of natural disasters.
President of Serbia Aleksandar Vučić invited all so-called members
of the Balkans six to accept the document about “small Schengen”,
regardless of their differences referring to the recognition of
The prime minister of North Macedonia Zoran Zaev said that the
initiative for economic networking of the countries in the region
should be joined by all six Western Balkans countries (Serbia, North
Macedonia, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Kosovo).
Zaev said that North Macedonia supported the initiative because
„much more needs to be done in economic networking. We are sending
message that political relations in the region become simpler, that
Balkans is not a barrel of gunpowder anymore but the region of
stability and economic development, committed to the Euro
integrations and improvement of the standard of its citizens“.
Last week the president of Serbia Vučić held in Belgrade trilateral
meeting Serbia-Turkey-Bosnia and Herzegovina and the joint basis for
commencement of works on highway Belgrade – Sarajevo was laid, which
is one of the important infrastructure projects.
Experts believe that those are new positive moments arriving from
Serbia and its president Aleksandar Vučić which should be welcomed
and supported by the EU in order to continue and additionally
intensify that trend of cooperation. It is expected that new and
better era for the future of Serbia and the region shall start.
The Western Balkans as the new Višegrad Group
On the initiative of the Serbian President Aleksandar Vučić, with
the support of North Macedonian Prime Minister Zoran Zaev and
Albanian Prime Minister Edi Rama, mutual cooperation in the Western
Balkans region has been intensified. The Western Balkans leaders are
aware of the need to take strong steps towards mutual cooperation,
which will be aimed at creating better living conditions for
citizens and, especially important, stopping the trend of mass
displacement of population from the region.
Analysts believe that the countries of the Western Balkans must
establish strong political, economic, cultural and any other form of
cooperation and act jointly towards the EU, as a group of states
with clearly defined requirements. When it comes to the EU
enlargement, it is necessary to specify when the enlargement will
take place, since it cannot be delayed indefinitely. It is important
to emphasize that regional cooperation does not mean that the
countries of the region have given up their European path and the EU
membership, which Montenegro expresses as its concern.
In so doing, as an experience can serve the cooperation within the
so-called Višegrad group of countries (Hungary, Poland, Czech
Republic and Slovakia), which very often jointly act within the EU
with clearly expressed demands and attitudes. Moreover, the Višegrad
Group was formed to make it easier and faster for these countries to
join the EU and NATO, which they did. Therefore, it is important for
the countries of the region to act jointly towards the EU and / or
other foreign policy initiatives, as a single approach is
insufficient and does not guarantee success.
The date for the start of the negotiations with
the EU for North Macedonia and Albania
At the EU Summit on 17 and 18 October 2019 in Brussels, the decision
on the date for the start of negotiations should be taken. Although
some member states were sceptical of assigning the date, in the end
only France remained to approve the start of the EU negotiations
with North Macedonia and Albania.
Analysts believe that the EU member states, including France, must
show vision for the enlargement, because if the enlargements had not
happened in the past, the EU would never have developed into such
respectable regional integration. Given that the EU has 27 members
(excluding the UK), there is always the possibility of different
conditions and blockades, which should be avoided or not allowed by
the member states. This is especially important in circumstances
where other countries are trying to exert strong influence in the
Western Balkans, above all Russia, China and Turkey. The EU
hesitance can have strategic consequences in the Western Balkans and
it is due to uncertainty about EU membership and pressures from the
domestic public, that certain countries could change their
Analysts believe that the reservations of France and its President,
Emmanuel Macron (ALDE), when it comes to assigning the dates to
start EU negotiations with North Macedonia and Albania show another
absurdity of the European policy. Specifically, Macron's La
République En Marche Party is a member of the Alliance of Liberals
and Democrats in the European Parliament (ALDE), who are strong
supporters of the enlargement, and that its member La République En
Marche is blocking the enlargement. This is why ALDE is under a
historic responsibility because President Macron belongs to ALDE. It
is surprising to see French President Macron, who was seen as the
new leader of Europe two years ago when coming to power. With the
announcement of the blockade of the assigning the date for the start
of negotiations for North Macedonia and Albania, Macron shows that
he has no vision and disassociates with his political group ALDE
within the EU, which is a strong proponent of the enlargement,
thereby assuming a huge responsibility for the EU's destiny and
In addition to the issue of stability in the Western Balkans region,
it also concerns the credibility of European leaders. Namely, at the
EU summit in June 2018, they decided that they would assign in 2019
a date for the start of negotiations to North Macedonia and Albania,
if they meet conditions for the start of negotiations. For both
countries, and especially for North Macedonia, this has been clearly
achieved. If no date is set for the start of negotiations (the start
of negotiations does not mean the EU membership), European leaders
will eat their word and lose their credibility. This will also call
into question (Robert) Schuman's vision of the united Europe. In
that case, one could even say that President Macron was working
against the idea of his great countryman, who launched the project
of today's EU.
The EU has jeopardized the American interests as
The dialogue between official Belgrade and Pristina was led by the
EU as a mediator. The dialogue was a fiasco. No significant progress
has been made in the last ten years since the Western Balkans region
was left to the care of the EU. Other countries, especially Russia,
China and Turkey, have strengthened their presence and influence in
the region. Such action by the EU necessitated the return of the
United States to the Balkans. The justified questions are, is the EU
a reliable partner and can the EU overcome the internal crisis
without strong support of the USA?
Analysts believe that of particular symbolic importance, and may be
the last chance because of the credibility of the EU in the Western
Balkans, is to save the Western Balkan countries from the “hug” of
Russia, China and Turkey by assigning the start date of EU
negotiations for North Macedonia and Albania, at the EU summit in
Brussels, and to accelerate work on conclusion of a dialogue between
official Belgrade and Pristina by signing a legally binding
agreement, while the countries in the region intensively work on the
regional co-operation started in the region.
Ljubljana, October 16, 2019
IFIMES is an international institute of the Special Consultative
status with the UN. It has permanent representations with the Un in
New York, Geneva and Vienna respectively.
Mads Jacobsen Mads is an intern at PCRC. Mads Jacobsen is from Denmark and is currently
pursuing his Master's degree in 'Development and International Relations' at
University of Bihac, Faculty of Education,
Department of English Language and Literature - undergraduate
University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Philology, Department of English Language
and Literature - graduate study Rakesh Krishnan Simha
New Zealand-based journalist and foreign affairs analyst. According to him, he
writes on stuff the media distorts, misses or ignores.
Rakesh started his career in 1995 with New Delhi-based Business World magazine,
and later worked in a string of positions at other leading media houses such as
India Today, Hindustan Times, Business Standard and the Financial Express, where
he was the news editor.
He is the Senior Advisory Board member of one of the fastest growing Europe’s
foreign policy platforms: Modern Diplomacy.
Damiel Scalea Daniele Scalea, geopolitical
analyst, is Director-general of IsAG (Rome Institute of Geopolitics) and Ph.D.
Candidate in Political studies at the Sapienza University, Rome. Author of three
books, is frequent contributor and columnist to various Tv-channels and
Alessio Stilo, Research Associate at Institute of High
Studies in Geopolitics and Auxiliary Sciences (IsAG), Rome, Italy, and Ph.D.
researcher at University of Padova, is IMN Country Representative in Italy.
Tomislav Jakić Foreign Policy Advisor to former Croatian
President Stjepan Mesić
Zlatko Hadžidedić Graduate of the London School of Economics,
prof. Zlatko Hadžidedićis a prominent thinker,
prolific author of numerous books, and indispensable political figure of the
former Yugoslav socio-political space in 1990s, 2000s and 2010s.
Mr. Nicola Bilotta Nicola Bilotta has a BA and a MA
in History from Università degli Studi di Milano and a MSc in Economic History
from the London School of Economics. He works as a Global Finance Research
Assistant at The Banker (Financial Times) and collaborates as an external
researcher at ISAG (Istituto di Alti Studi di Geopolitica e Scienze Ausiliari)
Markus Wauran Date and Place of Birth: April 22, 1943 – Amurang,
North Sulawesi, IndonesiaEducation: Bachelor in Public
Writer was a member of the House of Representatives
of Indonesia (DPR/MPR-RI) period of 1987-1999, and Chairman of
Committee X, cover Science and Technology, Environment and National
Development Planning (1988-1997).
Currently as Obsever of Nuclear for peace.
Sooyoung Hu Attached to the US-based Berkeley University,
Sooyoung Hu is a scholar at its Political Science and Peace and Conflict
Studies Department. Miss Hu focuses on international relations, international
organizations and its instruments.
Senahid LAVIĆ Nizar Visram Nizar
Visramis a Ottawa-based free-lance writer from Zanzibar, Tanzania.
Recently retired Senior lecturer on Development studies, he extensively
publishes in over 50 countries on 4 continents. He can be reached at nizar1941(at)gmail.com.
Robert Leonard Rope
He studied at the University of
He lives in: San Francisco, California: San Francisco, California, USA
Dragan Bursac, Journalist
Dr. Enis OMEROVIĆ
Max Hess Max Hess is a senior political risk analyst
with the London-based AEK international, specializing in Europe and Eurasia.
Ananya Bordoloi Ananya Bordoloi is a Malaysia based researcher in the fields
of international relations, global governance and human rights. Author has
previously worked with Amnesty International in research and data collection
capacity, and for a publishing company as a pre-editor.
Robert J. Burrowes has a lifetime commitment to understanding and
ending human violence. He has done extensive research since 1966 in an effort to
understand why human beings are violent and has been a nonviolent activist since
1981. He is the author of ‘Why
Violence?’His email address is firstname.lastname@example.org
his website is here.
Amel Ouchenane is
a member of the organization of Security and Strategic studies in Algeria. She
is also Research Assistant at the Idrak Research Center for Studies and
Ms. Ouchenane was researcher at Algiers University from 2011 to 2018.
(Department of International relations and African studies).
Dr. Nafees Ahmad Ph. D., LL.M, Faculty of Legal Studies, South Asian University
(SAARC)-New Delhi, Nafees Ahmad is an Indian national who holds a Doctorate
(Ph.D.) in International Refugee Law and Human Rights. Author teaches and writes
on International Forced Migrations, Climate Change Refugees & Human Displacement
Refugee, Policy, Asylum, Durable Solutions and Extradition issues.
Sinta Stepani International relations specialists
based in São Paulo, Brazil.
Professor of the World History
at the Geneva School of Diplomacy and International Relations. He is
also senior anlaysit at the Geneva
International Peace Research Institute (GIPRI)
Juan Martin González Cabañas
Juan Martin González Cabañas
is a senior researcher and analyst at the Dossier Geopolitico
Dr. Andrew Sheng is
distinguished fellow of the Asia Global Institute at the
University of Hong Kong and a member of the UNEP Advisory Council on
Srdja Trifkovic, Ph.D.,
is foreign affairs editor for Chronicles: A Magazine of American
Culture. He is a professor of international relations at the University of Banja
Luka in Bosnia-Herzegovina and the author of several books. Earlier version of
this text appeared in the Chronicles, under the title: “Greta the Swede, or
Gretinizing the Global Media”