Paris nor Brussels! Stop
terrorism! We want to live in peace with all
regardless of their religion, color and origin. Therefore, we condemn any
kind of terrorism!
Ne više Pariz ni Brisel! Stop terorizam!
Mi želimo živjeti u miru sa svim našim
bez obzira koje su vjere, boje kože i porijekla.
Zato mi osuđujemo svaku vrstu terorizma!
Manal Saadi Postgraduate researcher in International Relations and Diplomacy at the Geneva-based UMEF University
doc.dr.Jasna Cosabic professor of IT law and EU law at Banja Luka College,
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Aleksandra Krstic Studied in Belgrade (Political Science) and in Moscow (Plekhanov’s IBS). Currently, a post-doctoral researcher at the Kent University in Brussels (Intl. Relations). Specialist for the
MENA-Balkans frozen and controlled conflicts.
Dr. Swaleha Sindhi is Assistant Professor in the Department of Educational Administration, the Maharaja Sayajirao University of
Baroda, India. Decorated educational practitioner Dr. Sindhi is a frequent columnist on related topics, too. She is the Vice President
of Indian Ocean Comparative Education Society (IOCES). Contact:
It is an Ankara-based
journalist and notable author.
She is engaged with the leading Turkish dailies and weeklies for
nearly three decades as a columnist, intervieweer and editor.
Her words are prolifically published and quoted in Turkish,
French an English.
By İLNUR ÇEVIK Modified from the original: They killed 1 Saddam and created 1,000 others (Daily Sabah)
Aine O’Mahony Aine O'Mahony has a bachelor in Law and Political Science at
the Catholic Institute of Paris and is currently a master's student
of Leiden University in the International Studies programme.Contact:
Elodie Pichon Elodie Pichon has a
bachelor in Law and Political Science at the Catholic Institute of
Paris and is currently doing a MA in Geopolitics, territory and
Security at King's College London. Contact :
a MA candidate of the George
Washington University, Elliott School of International Affairs. Her
research focus is on cross-Pacific security and Asian studies,
particularly on the Sino-U.S. relations and on the foreign policy
and politics of these two.
ALESSANDRO CIPRI Born in Chile and raised in Rome, Alessandro
Cipri has just finished his postgraduate studies at the department
of War Studies of King's College London, graduating with distinction
from the Master's Degree in "Intelligence and International
Security". Having served in the Italian Army's "Alpini" mountain
troops, he has a keen interest in national security, military
strategy, insurgency theory, and terrorism studies. His Master's
dissertation was on the impact of drug trafficking on the evolution
of the Colombian FARC.
Ms. Lingbo ZHAO is a candidate of the Hong Kong Baptist
University, Department of Government and International Studies. Her
research interest includes Sino-world, Asia and cross-Pacific.
Elodie Pichon, Ms. Elodie Pichon, Research Fellow of the IFIMES Institute, DeSSA Department. This native Parisian is a Master in Geopolitics,
Territory and Security from the King’s College, London, UK.
Ambassador Muhamed Sacirbey currently lectures on Digital-Diplomacy. "Mo"
has benefited from a diverse career in investment banking & diplomacy, but
his passion has been the new avenues of communication. He was Bosnia &
Herzegovina's first Ambassador to the United Nations, Agent to the
International Court of Justice, Foreign Minister & Signatory of the Rome
Statute establishing the International Criminal Court. He also played
American football opting for a scholarship to Tulane University in New
Orleans after being admitted to Harvard, oh well!!
Amanda Janoo is an Alternative
Economic Policy Adviser to governments and development
organizations. Graduate from Cambridge University with an MPhil in
Development Studies, Amanda worked at the United Nations Industrial
Development Organization (UNIDO) supporting government's with
evidence-based industrial policy design for inclusive and
sustainable growth. Her research focus is on the relationship
between international trade and employment generation. She has
worked throughout Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa promoting greater
economic self-determination and empowerment.
Michael dr. Logies,
Endy Bayuni The writer, editor-in-chief of
The Jakarta Post, took part
in the Bali Civil Society and Media Forum, organized by the
Institute for Peace and Democracy and the Press Council, on Dec.5-6.
Bellevrat is the WEO Energy Analysts
Kira West Kira West is the WEO Energy Analysts
Victor Davis Hanson— NRO contributor Victor Davis
Hanson is a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution and the author,
most recently, of The Second World Wars: How the First Global
Conflict Was Fought and Won.
Chief Research Fellow at the Primakov Institute of World Economy and
International Relations (Moscow, Russia). In 1989-1991 was a member
of Soviet negotiating team at START-1 negotiations (Defense and
Ingrid Stephanie Noriega
Ingrid Stephanie Noriega is junior specialist in International
Relations, Latina of an immense passion for human rights, democratic
accountability, and conflict resolution studies as it relates to
international development for the Latin America and Middle East –
regions of her professional focus.
Syeda Dhanak Fatima Hashmi
Author is a Foreign Policy Analyst and Research Head
at a think tank based in Islamabad. She has done Master of
Philosophy (M.Phil.) in Governance and Public Policy. Her areas of
research include both regional as well as global issues of
contemporary international relations.
In a general, comprehensive, strategic outline of the global
scenario we can see that China is being harassed on several
fronts by the US: commercial pressures, diplomatic maneuvers to
block the progress of infrastructure projects (OBOR/New Silk
Road), at technological level, the boycott/ restrictions against
Huawei. These are some of the current modalities of strategic
competition between great powers, without involving the direct
use of hard / military power, which we could well consider a
Cold War 2.0.
Analyzing the factors and interests at stake, the events in full
development during the last months are not surprising, as the
advances of the US government against the Chinese technological
giant Huawei. Since the arrest of its CFO, Meng Wanzhou,
daughter of the founder of the company, to accusations of
espionage, boycotts and diplomatic pressure to annul Huawei’s
advances in several countries.
Huawei is the flagship, the spearhead of the Chinese
technological advance. This onslaught is not a coincidence.
While formally not having direct links with the Chinese
government, Huawei has a prominent role in the Chinese strategic
technological plan "Made in China 2025", because
of its development and implementation of 5G networks, key part
of the plan, which are estimated to be available around soon.
The strategic approach is to change the Chinese productive
matrix towards a "High Tech" economy, of design and
innovation, to position China in the forefront in the
technological advanced sectors of the modern economy (artificial
intelligence, biotechnology, robotics, automation, the internet
of things, telecommunications, software, renewable energies, and
the element that is in the most interest for us to analyze, the
5G). In Washington, they do not feel comfortable with Chinese
The Eurasia Group consulting firm argues that the
installation of 5G networks will involve one of the biggest
changes in our time, comparing its appearance with major breaks
in the technological history such as electricity. Some
specialists, websites and the press have coined the term "Sputnik"
moment, by comparing the potential impact of competition for the
development of 5G technologies with the space race in the Cold
War at the time.
The 5G will allow the use of faster network data, as well as the
widespread and coordinated use of advanced technologies such as
artificial intelligence, the internet of things, smart cities,
automation, improvements in health, and in the military field.
The US has put pressure on several of its allies (Australia, New
Zealand, Germany, Great Britain, and Canada to name some) to
block Huawei's advances in services and investments in their
countries, while restricting the purchase of Huawei's products
and services on North American soil.
While it is true that several countries could give in from the
pressure from Washington to "encircle" Huawei and
restrict its services and products, so is the fact that many
other countries, especially the many that have China as their
main trading partner, in addition to all the pleiad of emerging
and developing countries that are being seduced by the economic
possibilities, and in this specific case, technology offered by
China and its companies. What it would imply, a worldwide
competition between American diplomatic muscle and Chinese sweet
And also in commercial terms, the progress of Huawei into the
top of the tech companies is remarkable, due to its production
methods and its business model, having surpassed, for example,
APPLE among the largest companies that sells mobile phones being
only second to Samsung.
Does anyone remember free trade? Competition? What’s up with
that? Or was it just a trick? It seems that in the global
economic game, the US throws the chessboard away when it loses,
and uses the geopolitical muscle, without any problem, following
the Groucho's Marx doctrine: "Those are my principles, and if
you don't like them... well, I have others."
The fears about Huawei's technology are hiding a power struggle,
a hegemonic dispute over technology. So far the accusations of
espionage against this corporation perhaps are valid in
theoretical sense, but unprovable in facts, what left them as
mere speculations. The accusations by the US against Huawei,
through the speech of “the threat of espionage” are
unbelievable, and hypocritical in some sense, and the speech is
marked by a double standard… Who represents the threat?
is the same US that nowadays "advises" its allies and
other countries to "protect" themselves against the "threat"
of Huawei's espionage in favor of its government, the same
country that spied on its own allies in a wicked way, if we
remember the cases that Assange and Snowden brought to light.
We can also highlight recently the Cambridge Analytica
scandal – much of which has been well predicted by prof. Anis H.
Bajrektarevic in his influential manifesto about the McFB
world of tomorrow. The Cambridge Analytica fiasco plainly
showed the unholy relations between the big technological “independent”
corporations like Facebook and Google with the political power
in the West.
Technological competition is another chessboard of this new
multilevel and multidimensional XXI Century Great
Game, where the great actors move
5G is the focal point for a global rush to dominate the next
wave of technological development - a race many policymakers
worry the U.S. is already losing, and that's why they act in
this aggressive way. The strategic competition for advanced,
high technologies such as 5G, and innovations in the fourth
industrial revolution, will mark the "podium" of the
great powers of the 21st century.
The technological new cold war between the two largest economies
and powers in the world shows no signs of diminishing, either
the strategic competition.
Who will win this Great Game on the chessboards? The patience /
precaution and forecast of the game of Go, or the strong bets
and bluffs of poker.
The geostrategic chessboard is already deployed. Players already
have their cards in hand, and have moved their tokens. Prestige
is to come.
Juan Martin González Cabañas is a senior researcher and analyst at the Dossier Geopolitico
MARCH 20, 2019
to the Afghan Future: The
security challenges of Afghanistan's reconstruction and development
current talks between the representatives of the Taliban and the US
Government in Qatar are an important step but peace and stability are
still beyond reach. Afghanistan's reconstruction and durable
development requires a satisfactory level of security and tackling
issues such as unemployment, corruption, and armed violence.
2001 many reconstruction and assistance efforts have been conducted
in Afghanistan but their real impact is limited by the security
context and corruption. Foreign material and financial assistance was
affected by embezzlement and misappropriation. Many examples can be
easily found in Kabul or all over the country. In Kabul's
Parwan-e-seh district, the main road was in a bad shape and looked as
if it had been built during the 1970s or the 1980s. According to some
local residents, the road had been built during the 2000s and the
main cause of its deplorable condition was corruption : the road
was 9 cm-thick, while it was supposed to be 18 cm-thick and its
maintenance was almost nonexistent. In many rural areas schools were
built with the financial support of foreign countries, NGOs or
organizations but an important part of these funds have disappeared.
As a result, these schools are often unfinished or badly constructed
buildings where the furnitures, windows, heating system, decent
toilets or electricity are missing.
2001 ISAF Provincial Reconstruction Teams did a great work but it
ended with the withdrawal of ISAF troops. The action of the PRTs also
sparked debates and was criticised by some non-governmental
organizations as it could create confusion in the minds of local
populations about the nature of humanitarian assistance, as well as
the role of foreign armed forces and foreign NGOs. Many foreign or
local NGOs operating in Afghanistan and Pakistan have reported that
after the elimination of Osama bin Laden by a team of US Navy SEALs
in Abbottabad in May 2011, they were facing more difficulties in
carrying out their operations. It can be explained by the fact that
one of the methods used by the CIA to identify Osama bin Laden took
the form of a fake vaccination programme conducted in Abbottabad and
seriously undermined the trust of local populations towards NGOs, and
especially foreign aid workers.
current security context is critical, the Taliban controls from 44%
to 61% of Afghan districts  and the Islamic State is conducting
terrorist attacks in the country. The current negotiations are an
important step but their outcome will not bring a stable and
immediate peace. Only a fraction of the Taliban has endorsed this
process and agrees to participate to it as the whole Taliban movement
remains divided. Some Taliban factions wants a full withdrawal of
foreign troops and of all foreign presence, as well as the
resignation of the current Afghan government. This precondition can't
be satisfied as it would put the current Afghan government at risk
and trigger a new phase of conflict. Such possibility would not
create a proper context for reconstruction. Moreover, since the fall
of its Syrian and Iraqi Caliphate, the Islamic State has found a new
momentum in Afghanistan and some Taliban factions have pledged
allegiance to Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, while others refuse to do so and
are engaged in a fierce competition with ISIS.
this regard, reconstruction and development will depend on the
context created by the peace deal and a satisfactory agreement for
all parties, which is far from being easy. All parties have ties to
foreign and neighbouring countries. It means that foreign powers and
neighbouring countries should reassess their agendas and interests in
Afghanistan. They should also find common interests and a joint
approach, at least with regard to the reconstruction of the country.
It's the only way to ensure a sound reconstruction process and
especially the access to rural areas where most of the work should be
conditions and corruption are also closely tied to the social and
economical problems affecting Afghanistan's rural areas. Agriculture
is the largest sector and the basis of Afghanistan's economy.
Agriculture should be strongly supported, especially when it comes to
the eradication of opium poppy cultivation. The opiate economy
accounts for 20% to 32% of the country's GDP (US$ 4.1-6.6 billion)
 and 24 provinces out of 34 grow opium poppy but 69% of
cultivation is carried out in Southern Afghanistan.  Taliban
groups control these areas and earn c. US$ 200 million per year from
the opiate economy. Eradication efforts have led to a decline of
opium production from 9000 tons in 2017 to 6400 tons in 2018 and the
price of dry opium fell to its lowest level since 2004 (US$ 94 per
kg).  Foreign support is crucial but the United States of America
have decided in February 2019 to end Operation Iron Tempest, an
airstrike campaign launched in 2017 against Afghan drug labs.
jobs and decent revenues to rural populations play a role in
decreasing the activities of insurgent groups in rural areas. This
key issue was well understood by the French troops in charge of
civil-military operations in the province of Kapisa and the district
of Surobi. French scholar Bernard Dupaigne explained that during the
First Indochina War (1946-1954) « the map of quiet areas
coincided exactly with the map of regions where hydraulic works
improving agricultural yields had been carried out by French
engineers. The areas controlled by the insurgency corresponded to
poor regions from an agricultural point of view ».  The
French troops conducting civil-military operations in Kapisa and Surobi wished to play a role in the long-term development of these
areas but their mission was ended in 2012.
the cultivation of opium poppy and supporting farmers in their
transition towards the cultivation of legal crops is expensive. Many
efforts have been done and opium production has decreased but the
results are limited by corruption, widespread poverty, the threats
made by criminal gangs, corrupt officials or Taliban commanders
against farmers. Taking into account such difficulties, some experts
argue that opium poppy cultivation and opium production should be
allowed and that farmers could legally sell their production to the
pharmaceutical industry. Such alternative could provide stable
revenues to a part of Afghan rural populations. 
plays an important role in the development of Afghanistan, especially
vocational education and professional training. As one of the most
infuential thinkers and leading practitioners in the field, Dr.
Djawed Sangdel have repeatedly stressed: « Afghanistan may
need businessmen and managers but it needs even more technicians,
agronomists and engineers. »
reconstruction and development of Afghanistan will also benefit from
the Belt and Road Initiative, China's new Silk Road, but it requires
as well serious security improvements and a coherent regional
approach from foreign and international powers. The new Great Game in
Central Asia opposing the USA to Russia and China could, in this
perspective, could prevent Afghanistan from reaping the benefits of
trade with China and hinder its development. Competition between
international or regional powers can take a violent form, especially
when it will come to the control and the exploitation of strategical
mineral resources and rare-earth elements whose value could reach $3
trillion. Mineral resources are an important asset for the country
and its development but the local mining industry is opaque and
Afghanistan's Ministry of Mines and Petroleum is affected by
corruption.  Moreover, illegal mining benefits to various criminal
gangs and the Taliban.
control upon this sector should be increased, sound legal standards
should be enforced, corruption should be punished and transparence
should be supported. Moreover, there should be a comprehensive and
coherent strategy ensuring that Afghanistan will not just own its
resources but it will also use the revenues generated by minerals or
oil for its development and reconstruction. The current trends on
international markets and the increasing scarcity of some mineral or
energy resources have also led to a crucial issue for Afghanistan.
Competition among foreign powers over the access to rare and
strategic minerals will also have a negative impact upon the
country : it could increase corruption, weak governance, and
aggravate the « resource curse ».
should be a multidimensional strategy taking into account these
issues and supported by the United Nations, foreign powers involved
in Afghanistan and regional powers or neighbours. In order to succeed
there should be a common and radically new approach whereby foreign
powers and regional powers should find a common ground and common
goals or at least, interests. Afghanistan is affected by the
geopolitical competition opposing the USA to Russia and China but
also by the US-Iranian crisis, as well as the Indo-Pakistani rivalry.
Iran and the former Soviet republics of Central Asia (Kazakhstan,
Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan) should be
included in this joint approach. Saudi Arabia and Qatar should not be
left aside but the effects of their past influence and their future
role should be questioned. This approach is obviously too optimistic
but the long-term development and stability of Afghanistan can be
only ensured by a genuine commitment of all parties.
Professor of the World History
at the Geneva School of Diplomacy and International Relations. He is
also senior anlaysit at the Geneva
International Peace Research Institute (GIPRI)
« Afghanistan Opium Survey 2017, Challenges to sustainable
development, peace and security », United Nations Office
on Drugs and Crime and Narcotics Survey Directorate of the Ministry
of Counter-Narcotics of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, May
« Afghanistan Opium Survey 2018, Cultivation and
Production », United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and
Crime and Narcotics Survey Directorate of the Ministry of
Counter-Narcotics of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, November
afghans, Carnets de route, 1963-2014,
Gallimard, 2015, pp.222-223
Olivier Maguet, « La production de drogue : un enjeu
qui dépasse largement les frontières », pp.83-100,
in Pierre Micheletti,
Gagner les cœurs et les esprits,
Presses Universitaires de Grenoble / RFI, 2011
Zarif’s sudden resignation: The
beginning of the militarization of the Iranian diplomacy?
Bakhtyar Aljaf, Director of IFIMES
Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif expressed his
resignation, a quiet diplomat and a seasoned politician, one of the
soft faces of Iran's foreign policy, for what is known as a
political wisdom who can able to bring Iran an acceptable nuclear
agreement. It was enough when the dean of diplomacy of the 20th
century Kissinger given him a copy of his book dedicated with “To my
enemy who deserves respect".
His political independence gave him a margin for political
maneuvering, which was rarely had his predecessors from the former
Iranian foreign ministers. But the mentality of the revolution seems
to be dominating the mentality of the state in Iran. The result is
that he announced his resignation on 26.02.2019 and which was
rejected from President Rohani who is reformer like him.
The possibility of the possibility of the political transformations
in Iran is closer to speculation than expected. We can’t analyze
about Iran's foreign policy without Zarif, as long as Iran today
seems to not care about the consequences of confrontation with the
President Rouhani himself may be a subjected to a scenario similar
to Zarif scenario. Eventual questioning in the parliament and the
call of former Iranian President Ahmadinejad to his impeachment and
forming a transitional government to continue confrontation with US.
The reformist movement in Iran believes that the conservatives along
with the deep state clerical establishment is convinced that if
things continue as they are internally and externally, the character
of the next president will be military. The new Leader should be a
strategic military figure such as Qasem Soleimani (Commander of the
Quds corps) or Mohsen Rezai (former commander of the Iranian
Revolutionary Guard and the current secretary of the Expediency
discernment council). General Qasem Soleimani will stay as the key
figure among others, because of his relations with the deep state,
and even externally with his relations with various political and
military movements in the Middle East) Iraq, Syria, Yemen, Libanon)
connected to Iran.
Despite the many reasons discussed in the background prompted Zarif
to resign, this resignation indicate that there is a big dissidence
in the Iranian political system. At the time Zarif called for
necessity of Iran to deal with European conditions more seriously ,
the Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei issued the most critical words to
the Europeans, and considered them as partners with the US in an
attempt to destroy Iran.
The main reason behind this resignation is the nature of dealing
with Iran's foreign policy. The bilateralism that has characterized
Iran's foreign policy since 1979. The Iranian political divergence
has caused a lot of paralysis And raise the skepticism of the
international community. When Iranian Foreign Minister Zarif uses
the language of diplomacy with others, we find the generals of the
Revolutionary Guard and the advisers of the Supreme Leader use the
language of threats and intimidation
Despite Zarif's continuous attempts to prove an independent foreign
policy away from the conservative and reformist conflict in Iran, he
did not succeed in that either. Each faction has a particular view
on Iran's foreign priorities, which in turn restricted many of
Zarif's foreign efforts. The Iranian Revolutionary Guards try to
return back the nuclear negotiations to the Supreme National
Security Council of Iran, and withdraw the file from the Iranian
The Supreme Leader and the Revolutionary Guards want the end of the
Trump’s presidency term, without any concessions. Any succeeded
foreign minister cannot change anything. As long as the Advisers of
Khamenei are the planners of Iran's foreign policy, the military
diplomacy will be the shape of Iran's foreign policy.
Zarif wrote in his memoirs published in 2013, entitled "Mr.
Ambassador” says "in diplomacy, you have to always smile ... but
never forget that you are talking with the enemy." He was very
realistic and regarding the nuclear agreement he thinks that the
agreement cannot be perfect, and an ideal deal for a party, it will
be catastrophic for the other party.
Zarif who was continued attacked from the both sides (Conservatives
in his country and some US officials)
Iranian conservatives described Zarif as a coward because he was
studying in the United States rather than defending his country
during the Iran-Iraq war of 1980-1988.
US Senator Tom Cotton, a Republican who opposes the nuclear deal,
wrote a tweet about Zarif in 2015, in which he twitted “you hid in
U.S. during Iran-Iraq war while peasants & kids were marched to
Zarif’s answer was by congratulating Senator Cotton on the birth of
An experienced diplomat will be missed not only in Iran but in all
global diplomacy and how much we need like him in our world today.
Director of IFIMES
(International Institute of the consultative status with the UN)
FEBRUARY 28, 2019
From WWI to www.
It is an
honour to present to our readers our esteemed colleague Professor
Anis Bajrektarević with his newly released book From WWI to www. 1919-2019 – Less Explored aspects
of Geopolitics, Technology, Energy and Geoeconomics.
This is his 7th
authored book (4th for the US publishers and the second for the New
York-based Addleton Academic Publishers). He is both teaching and
research professor on subjects such as the Geopolitics,
International and EU Law, Sustainable Development (institutions and
instruments), and Political systems.
On the subject Geopolitical Affairs alone, professor
has over 1,200 teaching hours at his university as well as in many
countries on all meridians. His writings are frequently published,
so far in over 50 countries of all five continents, and translated
in some 20 languages worldwide. He lives in Vienna, Austria.
For his previous book by the Addleton,
Geopolitics of Technology – Is There Life after
Facebook,former Austrian Foreign
Minister Peter Jankowitsch has said: “Insightful,
compelling and original, this book is an exciting journey through
the rocky field of geopolitics. It is also a big-thinking
exploration of the least researched aspects of the discipline, which
will leave no one indifferent. This book, written by an experienced
lawyer and a former career diplomat, cleverly questions how we see
the world, and acts as an eye opener.”
And, the World Security Network’s Senior Vice
President, rt. Brig general of the German Army, close aid to the
former NATO Gen-Secretary Manfred Wörner and author of 5 books on
security, Dieter Farwick has noted: "The
presence and future of our globalised, interwoven world has become
so difficult to comprehend that many people refrain from even trying
to understand it. It is the merit of Professor Anis Bajrektarevic to
fill this gap with excellent analyses brought together in his
brilliant book. It is a must read for those who want to get a better
understanding of the complex world and who want to contribute to a
better and safer world."
Commenting the previous book of professor, Dr.
Franz Fischler, EU Commissioner (1995–04), President of the
European Forum Apbach, have stated: ”The book of prof. Anis …
will help to understand better the security structures … and can
form a base for improvements in the interrelations between … diverse
continents.” On the same title Dr.
Cheng Yu Chin,
Director, EU-China Economics and Politics Institute noted: “Excellent
news – with this book – for those who argue that European
multilateralism is a right solution … out of a lasting crisis. This
fascinating comparative read further navigates those of academia and
practitioners who want to steer us towards stabile Europe and
We, briefly, introduce some of the views of experts
in international relations and history about the newly released book
of professor Bajrektarevic From WWI to
Endorsing his newest book, Yale university doctor,
philosophy of history professor Emanuel Paparella notes:
“A year or so ago I began reading and
pondering the political writings of Prof. Anis Bajrektarevic. Plenty
of food for thought, I am still reading them. What attracted me to
them was their invariable lucidity and coherence of thought
buttressed by well reasoned and well balanced logical arguments
culminating in insightful conclusions. This is quite rare nowadays
and when encountered it comes across like a breath of fresh air.
What prevails nowadays are political tracts that often espouse and
promote an ideology, often fanatically defended tooth and nail and
in- variably leading not to dialogue or symposiums but to diatribes
generating much heat and little light… To be convinced of all this,
all that the reader has to do is pick up Bajrektarevic book and
begin reading. One will not be disappointed.”
History never ended during the last century. Anis
Bajrektarevic offers a vivid, captivating take on the wrenching,
convulsive swirl of isms, campaigns, and cultural forces that have
punctuated global affairs over the last 100 years. It's useful to be
reminded of the regular episodes of tragic hubris that define our
Steve Clemons, Washington Editor at Large, The
Based on critical analysis and pungent observations
Professor Bajrektarevic provides an eye-opening contribution to the
question what has gone wrong in Europe in the last 100 years.
His book is an overdue and uncomfortable
counter-opinion to the prevailing view and conventional wisdom in
Hannes Androsch, long-time senior minister and former
Vice-Chancellor of Austria, Austrian Academy of Sciences (Member of
A complex study on geopolitical affairs, this book
gives us a key for understanding the origins of pan-European ideas,
and far beyond.
Professor successfully combines techniques of
political, historical and cultural analysis. This book may be of
interest to a wide range of scientists, politicians, diplomats,
journalists and specialists in geopolitics, international law,
geo-economics, energy policy, socio-political studies, and
technology security. In conclusion, timely, accurate, indispensable
Prof. Andrei V. Manoilo Lomonosov University, Moscow,
Political Science Faculty, Member of the Scientific Committee of the
Security Council of the Russian Federation
Comprehensive, focused and immediately useful,
From WWI to www. Geopolitics 100 Years Later is an articulate
and highly readable synthesis of current thinking on geopolitics in
a modern framework. This should be recommended reading for all
global leaders and academic professionals.
Dr. J.R. Reagan, Vice Dean at Endicott College of
International Studies(Woosong University)
Incisively provocative, "WW1 to www: Geopolitics 100
Years Later" is the definitive analysis of the last century of
Europe's transition to democratic liberalism. As an international
affairs specialist, I highly recommend it as a must-read for those
seeking an understanding of the complex of contradictions that is
the enigma of today's unified Europe.
Curtis J. Raynold, former Secretary of the UN
Secretary General's Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters.
By looking back at history and at different topics
and issues, author proposes a very deep and rich reflection on what
rendered possible European integration and what kind of limitations
it faces today. Every scholar, student or motivated citizen
interested in the future of international relations, concerned by
the current evolutions of politics in Europe and elsewhere, should
pick up Anis Bajrektarević’s book.
Olivier Costa, Research Professor, CNRS (Bordeaux,
France) / Director of Political Studies, College of Europe
Prof. Bajrektarevic challenges us to revisit
history in a new light and take another look at current global
policies and structures. Insightful and thought provoking writings
on global issues, past and present.
Brilliant, riveting, challenging! Professor
prompts us to think deeper about history and today’s global issues
in this wonderful book.
Dimitri Neos, Executive Director, International
Affairs Forum, Washington dc
Historically, so much has happened over the last 100
years, and technologically so much is taking place every single day
that we are living in a stage of constant alert. Our society has to
deal with too many consecutive and irreversible disruptions. In the
knowledge-based and scientific era, where nanotechnology, artificial
intelligence and robotics are available as advanced technological
tools of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, it seems unlikely that
humankind will be able to survive the idiosyncrasies of an
unpredictable IV World War.
Therefore, it is imperative to rethink a new modus
vivendi that responds to the realities and aspirations of the XXI
century. This book by Prof. A. Bajrektarevic is a timely and
in-depth reflection of our times.
Edna dos Santos Former UNCTAD Director and main co-author of the
Creative Economy Reports
Policy Advisor, United Nations Institute for
Training and Research, UNITAR
Finally, let us close with the author’s word:
Future of History
Throughout the most of human evolution both progress
as well as its horizontal transmission was extremely slow,
occasional and tedious a process. Well into the classic period of
Alexander the Macedonian and his glorious Alexandrian library, the
speed of our knowledge transfers – however moderate, analogue and
conservative – was still always surpassing snaillike cycles of our
breakthroughs. When our sporadic breakthroughs finally turned to be
faster than the velocity of their infrequent transmissions – that
very event marked a point of our departure.
Simply, our civilizations started to significantly
differentiate from each other in their respective techno-agrarian,
politico-military, ethno-religious and ideological, and economic
setups. In the eve of grand discoveries, that very event transformed
wars and famine from the low-impact and local, into the bigger and
cross-continental. Faster cycles of technological breakthroughs,
patents and discoveries than their own transfers, primarily occurred
on the Old continent.
That occurancy, with all its reorganizational
effects, radically reconfigured societies – to the point of
polarizing world onto the two: (anthropo-geographically inverted)
centar and periphery. This was a birth of Europe as we know it
For the past few centuries, peripheries lived fear
but dreamt a hope of Europeans – all for the sake of modern times.
From WWI to www. Is this modernity of internet age, with all
the suddenly reviled breakthroughs and their instant transmission,
now harbouring us in a bay of fairness, harmony and overall
Shall we stop short at the Kantian dream, or continue
to the Hobbesian realities and grasp for an objective, geopolitical
definition of our currents.
This book is my modest contribution to the most
pressing of all debates: Our common futures. I am happy if You see
it that way too.
Mads Jacobsen Mads is an intern at PCRC. Mads Jacobsen is from Denmark and is currently
pursuing his Master's degree in 'Development and International Relations' at
University of Bihac, Faculty of Education,
Department of English Language and Literature - undergraduate
University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Philology, Department of English Language
and Literature - graduate study Rakesh Krishnan Simha
New Zealand-based journalist and foreign affairs analyst. According to him, he
writes on stuff the media distorts, misses or ignores.
Rakesh started his career in 1995 with New Delhi-based Business World magazine,
and later worked in a string of positions at other leading media houses such as
India Today, Hindustan Times, Business Standard and the Financial Express, where
he was the news editor.
He is the Senior Advisory Board member of one of the fastest growing Europe’s
foreign policy platforms: Modern Diplomacy.
Damiel Scalea Daniele Scalea, geopolitical
analyst, is Director-general of IsAG (Rome Institute of Geopolitics) and Ph.D.
Candidate in Political studies at the Sapienza University, Rome. Author of three
books, is frequent contributor and columnist to various Tv-channels and
Alessio Stilo, Research Associate at Institute of High
Studies in Geopolitics and Auxiliary Sciences (IsAG), Rome, Italy, and Ph.D.
researcher at University of Padova, is IMN Country Representative in Italy.
Tomislav Jakić Foreign Policy Advisor to former Croatian
President Stjepan Mesić
Zlatko Hadžidedić Graduate of the London School of Economics,
prof. Zlatko Hadžidedićis a prominent thinker,
prolific author of numerous books, and indispensable political figure of the
former Yugoslav socio-political space in 1990s, 2000s and 2010s.
Mr. Nicola Bilotta Nicola Bilotta has a BA and a MA
in History from Università degli Studi di Milano and a MSc in Economic History
from the London School of Economics. He works as a Global Finance Research
Assistant at The Banker (Financial Times) and collaborates as an external
researcher at ISAG (Istituto di Alti Studi di Geopolitica e Scienze Ausiliari)
Markus Wauran Date and Place of Birth: April 22, 1943 – Amurang,
North Sulawesi, IndonesiaEducation: Bachelor in Public
Writer was a member of the House of Representatives
of Indonesia (DPR/MPR-RI) period of 1987-1999, and Chairman of
Committee X, cover Science and Technology, Environment and National
Development Planning (1988-1997).
Currently as Obsever of Nuclear for peace.
Sooyoung Hu Attached to the US-based Berkeley University,
Sooyoung Hu is a scholar at its Political Science and Peace and Conflict
Studies Department. Miss Hu focuses on international relations, international
organizations and its instruments.
Senahid LAVIĆ Nizar Visram Nizar
Visramis a Ottawa-based free-lance writer from Zanzibar, Tanzania.
Recently retired Senior lecturer on Development studies, he extensively
publishes in over 50 countries on 4 continents. He can be reached at nizar1941(at)gmail.com.
Robert Leonard Rope
He studied at the University of
He lives in: San Francisco, California: San Francisco, California, USA
Dragan Bursac, Journalist
Dr. Enis OMEROVIĆ
Max Hess Max Hess is a senior political risk analyst
with the London-based AEK international, specializing in Europe and Eurasia.
Ananya Bordoloi Ananya Bordoloi is a Malaysia based researcher in the fields
of international relations, global governance and human rights. Author has
previously worked with Amnesty International in research and data collection
capacity, and for a publishing company as a pre-editor.
Robert J. Burrowes has a lifetime commitment to understanding and
ending human violence. He has done extensive research since 1966 in an effort to
understand why human beings are violent and has been a nonviolent activist since
1981. He is the author of ‘Why
Violence?’His email address is firstname.lastname@example.org
his website is here.
Amel Ouchenane is
a member of the organization of Security and Strategic studies in Algeria. She
is also Research Assistant at the Idrak Research Center for Studies and
Ms. Ouchenane was researcher at Algiers University from 2011 to 2018.
(Department of International relations and African studies).
Dr. Nafees Ahmad Ph. D., LL.M, Faculty of Legal Studies, South Asian University
(SAARC)-New Delhi, Nafees Ahmad is an Indian national who holds a Doctorate
(Ph.D.) in International Refugee Law and Human Rights. Author teaches and writes
on International Forced Migrations, Climate Change Refugees & Human Displacement
Refugee, Policy, Asylum, Durable Solutions and Extradition issues.
Sinta Stepani International relations specialists
based in São Paulo, Brazil.
Professor of the World History
at the Geneva School of Diplomacy and International Relations. He is
also senior anlaysit at the Geneva
International Peace Research Institute (GIPRI)
Juan Martin González Cabañas
Juan Martin González Cabañas
is a senior researcher and analyst at the Dossier Geopolitico
Dutch - Nederlands Belangrijke nieuws
French - Français
Nouvelles importantes German - Deutsch