Ing. Salih CAVKIC
Editor in Chief
Paris nor Brussels!
We want to live in peace with all
regardless of their religion, color and origin.
Therefore, we condemn any
kind of terrorism!
Ne više Pariz ni Brisel!
Mi želimo živjeti u miru sa svim našim
bez obzira koje su vjere, boje kože i porijekla.
Zato mi osuđujemo svaku vrstu terorizma!
Prof. dr. Murray Hunter
University Malaysia Perlis
Years to Trade Economic Independence for Political Sovereignty -
Aleš Debeljak +
Defense of Cross-Fertilization: Europe and Its Identity
Contradictions - Aleš Debeljak
DEBELJAK - ABECEDA DJETINJSTVA
- INTERVJU; PROSVJEDI, POEZIJA, DRŽAVA
Rattana Lao holds a doctorate in Comparative and International
Education from Teachers College, Columbia University and is
currently teaching in Bangkok.
Director of Middle-East and Balkan Studies (IFIMES) in Ljubljana,
Rakesh Krishnan Simha
Géométrie variable of a love triangle – India, Russia and the US
Amna Whiston is a London-based writer specialising in moral philosophy. As a
PhD candidate at Reading University, UK, her main research interests
are in ethics, rationality, and moral psychology.
Eirini Patsea is a Guest Editor in Modern Diplomacy, and
specialist in Cultural Diplomacy and Faith-based Mediation.
Can we trust the government to do the right thing, are they really
care about essential things such as environmental conditions and
education in our life?
Univ. prof. Dubravko Lovrenović is one of the leading
European Medievalist specialized in the Balkans, pre-modern and
modern political history.
Postgraduate researcher in International Relations and Diplomacy at
the Geneva-based UMEF University
professor of IT law
and EU law at Banja Luka College,
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Studied in Belgrade (Political Science) and in Moscow
(Plekhanov’s IBS). Currently, a post-doctoral researcher at the Kent
University in Brussels (Intl. Relations). Specialist for the
MENA-Balkans frozen and controlled conflicts.
Dr.Swaleha Sindhi is
Assistant Professor in the Department
of Educational Administration, the Maharaja Sayajirao University of
Baroda, India. Decorated educational practitioner Dr. Sindhi is a
frequent columnist on related topics, too. She is the Vice President
of Indian Ocean Comparative Education Society (IOCES). Contact:
It is an Ankara-based
journalist and notable author.
She is engaged with the leading Turkish dailies and weeklies for
nearly three decades as a columnist, intervieweer and editor.
Her words are prolifically published and quoted in Turkish,
French an English.
By İLNUR ÇEVIK
Modified from the original: They killed 1
Saddam and created 1,000 others (Daily Sabah)
Aine O'Mahony has a bachelor in Law and Political Science at
the Catholic Institute of Paris and is currently a master's student
of Leiden University in the International Studies programme.Contact:
Elodie Pichon has a
bachelor in Law and Political Science at the Catholic Institute of
Paris and is currently doing a MA in Geopolitics, territory and
Security at King's College London. Contact :
a MA candidate of the George
Washington University, Elliott School of International Affairs. Her
research focus is on cross-Pacific security and Asian studies,
particularly on the Sino-U.S. relations and on the foreign policy
and politics of these two.
Born in Chile and raised in Rome, Alessandro
Cipri has just finished his postgraduate studies at the department
of War Studies of King's College London, graduating with distinction
from the Master's Degree in "Intelligence and International
Security". Having served in the Italian Army's "Alpini" mountain
troops, he has a keen interest in national security, military
strategy, insurgency theory, and terrorism studies. His Master's
dissertation was on the impact of drug trafficking on the evolution
of the Colombian FARC.
Ms. Lingbo ZHAO
is a candidate of the Hong Kong Baptist
University, Department of Government and International Studies. Her
research interest includes Sino-world, Asia and cross-Pacific.
Hannes Grassegger and Mikael Krogerus are investigative
journalists attached to the Swiss-based Das Magazin specialized
Hannes Grassegger and Mikael Krogerus are investigative
journalists attached to the Swiss-based Das Magazin
Ms. Elodie Pichon, Research Fellow of the IFIMES Institute, DeSSA
Department. This native Parisian is a Master in Geopolitics,
Territory and Security from the King’s College, London, UK.
Ambassador Muhamed Sacirbey currently lectures on Digital-Diplomacy. "Mo"
has benefited from a diverse career in investment banking & diplomacy, but
his passion has been the new avenues of communication. He was Bosnia &
Herzegovina's first Ambassador to the United Nations, Agent to the
International Court of Justice, Foreign Minister & Signatory of the Rome
Statute establishing the International Criminal Court. He also played
American football opting for a scholarship to Tulane University in New
Orleans after being admitted to Harvard, oh well!!
Amanda Janoo is an Alternative
Economic Policy Adviser to governments and development
organizations. Graduate from Cambridge University with an MPhil in
Development Studies, Amanda worked at the United Nations Industrial
Development Organization (UNIDO) supporting government's with
evidence-based industrial policy design for inclusive and
sustainable growth. Her research focus is on the relationship
between international trade and employment generation. She has
worked throughout Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa promoting greater
economic self-determination and empowerment.
Dutch - Nederlands
French - Français
German - Deutsch
of the Book
Europe and Africa –
Similarities and difference in Security Structures
Written by Anis
Bajrektarevic and Giuliano Luongo
NOVA Publishers (
“For the past few centuries, Africa
lived fear but dreamt a hope of Europeans …From WWI to www.”
In this one short statement is the essence of the 6th
book on geopolitics of prof. Anis Bajrektarevic: ‘Europe and
Africa’ just released by the US publisher NOVA. This time
professor is co-signing book with his junior researcher from Italy,
Guliano Luongo, who is a Director of Africanistic studies at the
Rome-based Institute for Geopolitics (IsAG).
The book combines in a unique way both the past and the presence of
two continents, which are quite different – in almost every aspect –
now, but which were deeply interconnected during the colonial past –
with Europe influencing Africa and Africa planting the seeds of
influence on Europe that will be unveiled many years after.
The book concentrates on security structures of both the ‘Old’ and
‘Forgotten’ continent, trying to answer the question why Europe is
multilateral and Africa still bilateral in this field. To this end,
Prof. Anis and his coauthor dive into the historical experiences and
look in them for causes of today’s developments, and future
prospects of Afro-Med and Euro-Med.
Special emphasis is put on integration processes in Europe and
Africa and the reasons why Africa is far away from its own
pan-continental organization (despite the current state of the EU
and several attempts to put into life something similar to the EU in
Africa). Asian security structures and the reasons why they are
asymmetric, did not escape the focus of prof. Anis and Giuliano,
although they are primarily dealing with Europe and Africa, always
searching – with good reason – for the roots of today’s situation in
the European past, and its footprint on Afro-Asian soil.
The central message of the book is formulated in the following
quotation: “For a serious advancement of multilateralism, mutual
trust, a will to compromise and achieve a common denominator through
active co-existence is the key. It is hard to build a common course
of action around the disproportionately big and centrally positioned
member which would escape the interpretation as containment by the
big or assertiveness of its center by the smaller, peripheral
Sometimes, big means populous and young; the world’s 10 youngest
populations are all in Africa, a continent with a 40% of people
under age of 15. And their future is not waiting, but brewing.
Better than anything else the authors formulate their ‘philosophy’
in the sentence: “Our history warns. Nevertheless, it also provides
Hope is based on knowledge. And whoever wants to seek and grasp,
should read the book ‘Europe and Africa’. It explains not
only what happened in the past, but also what and why is happening
today. And this is why this book is ‘much needed’ for our common
Future of History.
Schwimmer, former Secretary General of the Council of Europe
We all are Africans.
Anis Bajrektarevic and his coauthor see in security, peace and
democratic stability the key to the solution not only of Africa’s
problems but also of improving the relations between Europe and
Fischler, EU Commissioner (1995–04), President of the European Forum
Africa is the future
continent. For all that security is key.
The book of prof. Anis and Guiliano will help to understand better
the security structures of Europe and Africa and can form a base for
improvements in the interrelations between these two diverse
Prof. dr. Ernest
Petrič, ambassador and former President of Constitutional Court of
comprehensive books on Africa are rather rare. Those, unbiased, fair
and timely are even rarer. Therefore, this book is a much-needed
reader; for scholars and practitioners, be it Europeans interested
in Africa, Africans interested in Europe or those seeking beyond.
Prof. Dr Bruce Hearn, University of Sussex
commend the authors on presenting an otherwise dauntingly complex
political and security situation across the continent of Africa in a
straightforward and easy to comprehend way. This work makes a truly
insightful read for public policy practitioners, political
scientists and those with an interest in development alike.
Dr. Dr. Emanuel
L. Paparella (Yale University) Professor of philosophy at Barry
this is the kind of
book that needs to be read and pondered, discussed and debated
carefully and seriously. It that is done, it may well clarify quite
a few unsolved geo-political puzzles of the bizarre and confusing
times in which we live and have our being.
Dr. Ilham A.
Habibie, Chairman, Institute of Democracy through Science &
Technology, The Habibie Center, Jakarta, Indonesia
From the cradle of
civilization to the planetary underachiever: The pre-colonial,
colonial and post-colonial Africa and its interaction with Europeans
– all that prof. Anis and his coauthor analyze in a brilliant and
I highly recommend this book as a must-read literature giving
valuable information for all of us, particularly the ones who are
interested in the underlying reasons for many problems that we see
on both continents, which are today very actual looking at hotspots
such as refugee crisis and terrorism.
Cheng Yu Chin,
Director, EU-China Economics and Politics Institute
Excellent news – with
this book – for those who argue that European multilateralism is a
right solution to manage Africa out of a lasting crisis. This
fascinating comparative read further navigates those of academia and
practitioners who want to steer us towards stabile Europe and
Rejane Pinto Costa, PhD Brazilian War College
A brilliant piece of
work! The authors were able to take a challenging subject and turn
it into a compelling read that I recommend to all who are interested
in such an intriguing subject.
prof.dr.sc. IOM, St Catherine Oxford, Institute on World Problems
Europe needs new
models of articulation. From vertical hierarchies, the European
world of preponderance today must rethink the new horizontal
organization in sociology of international relations. Authors of
this book are bravely, clearly and repeatedly pointing this out.
Professor of Financial Economics & Regional Director - Africa
University of Ghana, Accra
Anis and Giuliano
skillfully guide the reader through the threshold concepts that
reveal the historical perspectives of institutions with deep
resonance for security structures in Africa and Europe.
An outstanding book that is guaranteed to be of interest to faculty
and students. It provides a major contribution to security issues
that would undoubtedly be a valuable resource to historians as well
as national and international security professionals of both
continents and well beyond.
Zistakis, PhD (University of Athens)
contrasting and comparing the ‘forgotten’ with an ‘old’ continent,
the authors have accomplished a real feat. For scholars dealing with
the geopolitics of Africa and Eurasia this will be a must read for
many years to come.
July 20, 2017
The Return of
Good Policies for Bad Reasons
Populism and Industrial Policy
“Throughout the most of human evolution both progress
as well as its horizontal transmission was extremely slow,
occasional and tedious a process. Well into the classic period of
Alexander the Macedonian and his glorious Alexandrian library, the
speed of our knowledge transfers – however moderate, analogue and
conservative – was still always surpassing snaillike cycles of our
breakthroughs. When our sporadic breakthroughs finally turned to be
faster than the velocity of their infrequent transmissions – that
very event marked a point of our departure.
Simply, our civilizations started to significantly
differentiate from each other in their respective techno-agrarian,
politico-military, ethno-religious and ideological, and economic
setups. In the eve of grand discoveries, the faster cycles of
technological breakthroughs, patents and discoveries than their own
transfers, primarily occurred on the Old continent.
That occurancy, with all its reorganizational
effects, radically reconfigured societies – to the point of
polarizing world onto the two: leaders and followers” – noted prof.
Anis H. Bajrektarevic in his luminary book Europe, 100 years
Will we ever close our technological and spiritual
gap, physically and psychologically? Following lines are an
interesting take on the topic.
* * * * * *
The world is at a
unique moment. People are disillusioned with the status quo. We are
on the brink of a paradigm shift that could transform our political
and economic realities. Industrial policy has a unique opportunity
to re-assert itself as an alternative way of managing an economy
that is responsive to the desires and aspirations of society.
Industrial policy experts must be careful, however,
not to pander to the fascist winds brewing as this could spell
demise for the discipline and the world.
For decades, countries have operated under the
assumption that there is no alternative to market fundamentalism.
Described by many as “neoliberalism,” market fundamentalism calls
for a one-size-fits-all approach to economic policy. All countries,
but particularly developing countries, were told to abide by the
three sacred tenants: liberalize, privatize and deregulate. In this
context, industrial policy was actively discouraged if not
straight-up prohibited. However, the tide seems to be changing.
We have recently seen
populist uprisings in the two countries that were the chief
architects of neoliberalism, the United States and United Kingdom,
with people and politicians actively disavowing the free market
consensus of the proceeding decades. This
explicit flirtation with economic protectionism by these ideological
giants, presents an opportunity for developing countries to openly
question free trade and experiment with alternative economic policy
approaches that are more in line with their societal priorities and
objectives. The danger is however, that the world will emulate the
scapegoating, separatist and authoritarian rhetoric being
articulated by the likes of Donald Trump and Marie Le Pen to
legitimize the use of more interventionalist economic policies.
Reminiscent of Karl Polanyi’s description of the
“double-movement” in the inter-war period, we are witnessing a
social and political instruments to temper the inequality,
instability and degradation wrought by decades of market
fundamentalist policies. Industrial policy experts, having a deep
understanding of the failings of an unruly free market system, are
in an ideal position to advice governments disillusioned with
Chicago School policy prescriptions. As space opens for new economic
approaches, industrial policy can position itself as a more “hands
on” and socially-responsive form of economic management. The danger
is that industrial policy inherently implies a more powerful role of
government in economic affairs, and therefore can just as easily be
used to support authoritarian ambitions.
At the time of writing
in the post-war period, Polanyi saw the “double-movement”
manifesting in Europe in two extreme forms: Fascism and Socialism.
In looking at the recent US elections we could
easily see how the two populist candidates Donald Trump and Bernie
Sanders fit into these polar categorizations. Both candidates
appealed to economic protectionism but for very different reasons.
Trump criticized free trade in order to further an aggressive
foreign policy agenda and assert US dominance. While Sanders called
for protectionist measures to help reduce social inequality and
re-industrialize the economy. The clear danger here is that the same
protectionist policies could be employed for either political agenda
but if industrial policy becomes aligned with the fascist movements
underway it will ultimately be discredited forever.
At this pivotal junction in history, industrial
policy experts must not
become drunk with the
prospect of re-legitimation and bolster political movements that
propagate messages of conspiracist scapegoating and cultural
superiority. We must use industrial policy to support our global
community to stand together as they critically reflect on the
failures of market fundamentalism. It is time to creatively envision
new forms of economic organization that can deliver on societies
desire for greater dignity and security. The old economic consensus
is out. The question is whether industrial policy can articulate a
persuasive alternative that re-empowers governments to mold and
direct their economies without instigating a trade war that will
bring more harm than good.
(Early version of this text appeared in the UNIDO
magazine Making It )
About the author:
Amanda Janoo is an Alternative Economic Policy
Adviser to governments and development organizations. Graduate from
Cambridge University with an MPhil in Development Studies, Amanda
worked at the United Nations Industrial Development Organization
(UNIDO) supporting government's with evidence-based industrial
policy design for inclusive and sustainable growth. Her research
focus is on the relationship between international trade and
employment generation. She has worked throughout Asia and
Sub-Saharan Africa promoting greater economic self-determination and
July 19, 2017
Balkan Transitional Justice
Serbia Delivered Srebrenica Refugees
to Mladic: Report
Filip Rudic - BIRN-Belgrade
The Humanitarian Law Centre NGO said it will file criminal complaints
against Serbian officials involved in handing over Bosniak refugees from
Srebrenica who fled to Serbia to Ratko Mladic’s forces.
A Bosniak woman at a funeral ceremony at the Srebrenica memorial on July 11.
Photo: Beta/AP/Amel Emric.
The Belgrade-based Humanitarian Law Centre said in a report launched on
Thursday that it has identified 30 Bosniak refugees who crossed the border
seeking shelter in Yugoslavia after the July 1995 genocide in Srebrenica,
but were handed over to Bosnian Serb forces, who killed at least 15 of them.
Nine of the Bosniaks are still listed as missing and six survived.
At the launch of the Humanitarian Law Centre report in Belgrade, one of the
survivors, Muhamed Avdic, recalled how he lost his father, Azem, who remains
listed as a missing person.
“My mother, sister and I parted with father on March 30, 1993, when [Bosnian
Serb commander Ratko] Mladic’s forces were around Srebrenica,” said Avdic,
who was a teenager at the time.
His father stayed behind while the rest of the family took a UN refugee
agency humanitarian aid truck to the nearby town of Tuzla. Their only
communication with Azem was through letters sent via the Red Cross.
“When Srebrenica was declared a safe zone, we were happy and waiting for
father to return. In August 1995 we received information that he had been
captured,” Avdic said.
The HLC had found official records showing that Azem was caught on July 31,
1995, 20 days after the fall of Srebrenica, by police in the Serbian town of
They handed him over to the border police, who in turn gave him to the
Bratunac Brigade of the Bosnian Serb Army; he was never seen since.
After Srebrenica was captured on July 11, 1995, Serb forces killed some
8,000 Bosniaks, which the international courts have qualified as an act of
After the mass murders, the Bosnian Serb Army pursued the Bosniaks who had
escaped. The pursuit, capture, and murders continued for weeks after the
fall of Srebrenica, according to the Humanitarian Law Centre.
“Every man who was caught on Serbian territory was handed over to the
Bosnian Serb Army, including those who, according to police records,
resorted to self-harm to prevent [themselves] from being returned,” said
Milica Kostic from the Humanitarian Law Centre.
According to the report, no domestic or international court has ever
prosecuted Serbian officials for the crimes.
One of the few survivors, Abdurahman Malkic, said he left Srebrenica as the
town was being captured in July 1995.
“I took the road to salvation, towards [Bosniak-controlled territory in]
Tuzla, there were 15,000 of us in a ten-kilometre column,” Malkic said.
After constant attacks on the refugee column, he and his brother swam over
the river Drina and crossed into Serbia.
According to records obtained by the HLC, they were captured together with
other men on July 23.
After being sent back to Bosnia, six of them, including Malkic, were
transfered to the Batkovic prisoner camp near Bijeljina. They were the only
ones who survived the deportations.
“It was a routine operation. Men were captured by the Serbian police, then
turned over to the border police in Bajina Basta or Ljubovija. There they
were interrogated, tortured, and turned over to the border police of
[Bosnian Serb entity] Republika Srpska, which in turn handed them over to
the Bosnian Serb Army,” Kostic said.
She added that Serbia knew that the men were refugees from Srebrenica, and
that they were in danger from the Bosnian Serb police and military.
“Most importantly, everybody knew that the men from Srebrenica were
systematically murdered by the thousands,” she said.
At the presentation of the report, Muhamed Avdic showed a picture of his
father, a school teacher, surrounded by the Bosniak and Serb children that
“Since we are facing denial of genocide and claims that the numbers [of
Srebrenica victims] are made up, here is the proof my father lived,” Avdic
“I hope that the state authorities who wish to defend Serbia’s honour will
do something and punish the culprits,” he added.
July 19, 2017
The Truth and Reconciliation stuggle on the
We live in a post-genocidal society, divided into
ethnic-religious ghetto by means of war. In such broken society are
continually inserted seductive and controversial concepts that serve
the goals that are not realized by means of war. The terms such as
federalism, unitarism and separatism come mainly as political games
of political life actors in our country, but regarding the
separatism of the entities RS, the Greater Serbian policy is
absolutely focused on this goal. The shaping of political reality
and the main ideas in it is a work of the ideology – par
excellence, which then means that these terms are mostly
ideologically determined and conceived in the minds of their
Serbian fascism never
stops, it is becoming more and more dangerous every day
remember that M. Kasapović (Zagreb) in 2005 imposed and installed
the term of consociation
as territorial separation of the people in Bosnia and as the only
possible model for the organization of the political system in
Bosnia, followed by an orchestrated story of federalization and
electoral units. The vague concept about the "impossible state" by
N. Kecmanović (Banjaluka) is added to this in 2007 and till today,
these two, assembled Serbian-Croatian projects of the dissolution of
Bosnia stifled us and taken to a blind track of history. Kasapović
has already come to
of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
names, Kasapović and Kecmanović, are witnesses to the great
problem that has dampened our present social reality! We did not
forget that on the ground of Bosnia, "pure ethnic territories" were
On the objection that
separatism must be halted, separatist forces respond that separatism
is a reaction to unitarism and the non-recognition of entity "RS" or
the necessity of federalization because of the vulnerability
of Croats by
Bosniaks. Thus, the syntagm of "unitarist politics" is a good excuse
to continue the policy of division, ghettoization, hatred, great
Serbian policy and similar enterprises.
political system with imposed Constitution in Anex IV has brought
peace to Bosnia, but, it should be emphasized, left the hope of
anti-Bosnian forces to continue what they did not end in the war.
This was immediately understood by the Greater Serbian policy and
the entity RS was called the "Serbian state", "war booty" or "the
rest of the remnants of the Serbian ethnic territory" west of the
Drina River. The name of the entity itself allows this in
perspective! Many people are already "trained" to speak "Serbian
entity" regardless of the fact that it was made by genocide against
falsely identified with majorization in the explanations of
separatist policies that, in fact, do not want the state of Bosnia
or want only the formally present state institutions that are
subordinate to the entity. The unitary system of government means
that there is a state power that is accomplished throughout the
territory of the state. Relating to this idea, Bosnia is a highly
decentralized state divided into entities and cantons, which
considerably slows down its functioning. The key matter is that
separatism and federalism as parts of the political ideology of
anti-Bosnianism do not want strong state of Bosnia. In such divided
state, there we cannot talk about unitarism.
expansionist nationalism of Serbs and Croats sees its goal in the
assimilation of the Bosnian territory, then the "territorial
authority" of ethnics means suppressing everything different from
our "territory" and disregarding that in “our territory "state power
or some national (state) institution has any influence. From here to
dissolution, it is just a step. This is the way that tribal games go
to the extreme. Serbian and Croatian national projects are seeking a
"Bosniak policy" that would agree to implementation of Bosnian
state's dissolution in this way and end with its political and
A brave Bosnian policy
should offer the concept of
state area and constantly insist on it regardless of all
Serbian-Croatian agreements against Bosnia.
Bosnia has five
historical regions that derive their meaningful existence from
medieval times and that should not be ridden of the mind. In
addition, the Bosnian ethatist political philosophy must be
reaffirmed, therefore, a new development of awareness of the
importance of the state. By this, it should be ended the Bosniak
jeremiad in the last twenty years and defeated the anti-politics.
The ideologized vocabulary of anti-Bosnian
We must not agree to accept the ideologized vocabulary of
anti-Bosnian politics at all. Unfortunately, we still do not have a
sufficiently strong Bosnian policy that could deal with numerous
subversives, simulacrums, deceptions and abuses of the system
institutions, and we are all troubled by the failure of the rule of
law. Parts of the law apply only to powerless or politically
unbounded. It seems that the system of law in this country is the
main source of corruption and manipulation of citizens, such a
monstrous system that we have not even imagined. Organized groups
have appropriated "right" of rights institutions and it appears as
"party" and "ethnic" property, plus family clans, and the state is
catastrophically damaged and turned into a "super-market" for
robbery. The law system is subordinate to political groups that
implement their constructions of social life. Weak state
institutions open the space to all degenerative phenomena that
undermine political stability. The state is vulnerable,
institutionally deprived and does not breathe full of lungs. It
would be good if the unitary system of government worked and
organized the political life in the state through the devolution. It
would be much more order, responsibility and better life. There
would be no anarchy, hunting in the fog, ethnophulism in the
education system, anachronistic ideologies, mythical consciousness,
Chetniks and Ustasha, denying of genocide, denying the right to
Bosnian language for children in schools ... In post genocidal
society, a strong and responsible state is needed in order to
overcome war trauma and reached legal satisfaction. What we have now
is a knock-together form of war achievements and fulfilled wishes of
the Milosević’s regime.
The bureaucrats from the so-called
We should not be naive and believe to bureaucrats from the so-called
International community, to people like for example, B. B.
Ghali, J. Akashi, J. Mayor, M. Lajčak or C. Bildt and many others,
known and unknown. They consider Bosnia as a regular working task
and they did not carry out anything to improve life in Bosnia. Let
remember José Cutilliero, Lord Carrington, David Owen, Philippe
Morillon and dozens of others who have done everything to carry out
an anti-Bosnian idea in Bosnia and led us to the madness of the
division of the country towards the ethnic-religious lines of war
conquest. They were "just mediators" – that sounds innocently. They
came here as maharaja with their colonial narrations. Today's
generations must not forget these people and must save a real memory
about them. It is important, for example, to leave a recorded memory
of F. Mitterrand and similar figures of modern cynicism that
convinced us that we could walk across the city under the siege of
Serbian howitzers and snipers beside the burnt City Hall or Markale.
They turned our disaster into a "humanitarian issue" and shamefully
closed their eyes against the genocide against Bosniaks all over the
Bosnia. In addition, Bosnia is settled at the heart of the former
South Slavic area and it is "ideal" as a focal point in which
Western, European, Anglo-Saxon, Germanic, civilized mediators
"experts" can be involved for the division of territories leaving
the peoples in conflicts. When “bureaucrats” stop working this in
the Balkans, it is absolutely certain that peace will be here – to
avoid saying eternal peace, because we have never started wars.
Let's look back to the 20th century - everything was transparent.
Egoistic bureaucrats do not need civil Bosnia or peace among South
Slavic "tribes", because what would they do then and how they deal
with their problems. European bureaucrats have been watching
aggression on Bosnia for four years and wrote letters to Milošević.
They did not provide protection and defence of an independent state
with the UN forces. In today's constellation, they worry about the
Bosnian and South Slavic "primitives" who do not know what "civil
society" is and play the role of a civilizing factor.
The political matrix of
ethnic-religious representation of people
It would be worth to express a sceptical attitude towards the "civil
political option" syntagm, because it does not have clear semantic
structure, as well as a "nationalist policy". Until we begin to name
precisely the phenomena around us, we will not know what is
happening to us! Since the 1990s in Bosnia the political matrix
of ethnic-religious representation of people has been imposed, so
that they have not appeared as individuals, citizens, free citizens,
but only and exclusively as members of the team/collective, Serbs,
Croats, Bosniaks and Others.
In that wretched matrix, people of Bosnia are not autonomous and
free individuals. They have to think as the "team/collective says"
or the priest on behalf of the team/collective (tribe, people,
nation, religion) and in such way their individuality is reduced of
them, and then they are only "cannon flesh" of some great "Načertanija"
(1844) and pathological conditions of hegemonic politics. Such a
collectivist spirit is controlled by religious institutions and
ruling political oligarchs. Here, the religion is the basis of the
nation - and it tells us where we are! It is an illusion to present
the policy throughout the conceptual pair of "nationalist" and
"civil" politics when we know that this is only the seductive
surface of the project of tribal division of the people of the South
Slavic area and the imposition of a matrix to Bosnia that opposes
against its historical political philosophy.
Our heroic peoples, who have neglected their production of knowledge
and general culture, managed by people with suspicious projects,
they will be slaves and serfs in the upcoming establishment of the
world order as a system of hegemony of several powers. The pair of
terms "civil" and "nationalist" does not correspond to the essential
meaning of the historical process in which we are overtaken by a
sub-national political culture, a feudalized landscape in which
neither citizens nor nationalists “can” appear.
We have not yet learned to participate freely in a democratic
culture as citizens with their opinions and interests. We still need
tribal chiefs and priests who do not know anything about the Bosnian
political future! We need to ask questions that help us to focus
primarily. For example, first of all - how did it happen that we are
the only ones in today's Europe who has a "tribal political system"
or a "state of tribes", such a constitutional arrangement imposed by
Annex IV? Who set us this up as the Constitution of the State?
Why all European diplomats are silent on this issue and say that we
should "agree" when they, as the International Community, have
fulfilled the wishes of the aggressors and nationalist forces in the
Balkans and against Bosnia? This cynical European bureaucracy, above
all, regardless of European ideals, is a self-sufficient, static and
enlarging political group that accumulates great power in its hands.
It pretends as awkward in front of the Balkan fascists, the Nazis,
the fundamentalists, because such characters serve it as an example
of the "primitive Balkans" and "wild Slavic tribes" who are
slaughtered each other without mercy. This colonial background and
the orientalistic image about us disable a realistic approach to
solving problems in this area.
There are also quite low and hypocritical moves of Croatian
"European" policy that plays its petty-bourgeois super-ordination to
this area and shows itself to others as an "heir of European values"
while supporting the Hague convicts with Tompson's songs and
ideology. This Croatian unilateralism has led to the incomparable
exodus of Bosnian Croats from their homeland - Bosnia and has torn
them away from their Bosnian state. The second guidance that helps
us to orient ourselves is focused on understanding the distinction
between national and ethnic, civil and ethnicity. First of all, it should be reminded that in the area
of South East Europe, where the South Slavic nations were located,
the state structure of these nations failed because they were mostly
obsessed with their own mythical, religious and ethnic constructions
or fabrications that served them to represent themselves as a nation
superior to others. In Bosnia, this has been happening during the
whole 20th century in big noises of the Serbian and Croatian
Thus, the national question was shaped at a very primitive level as
a question of creating an ethnic-religious state from which all who
are not "ours" by religion and nationality will be excluded. This
incompetence for the difference led the national question under the
control of religious institutions of Serbs, Croats and Bosniaks. In
one-track politics, the nuances of the fascist-shape relation to the
different are noticed, as R. Konstantinović wrote about it, so
knowledgeable and anticipatory, as well as Miodrag Popović. So, it
could be said that the South Slavic peoples, as well as the peoples
of Bosnia, have not yet developed and tested a political culture
that surpasses the "tribal image of the world" and prefers
man as the greatest value of the social life of people.
We need to teach people that
nationally are not a
tribal, ethnic, folk, regional or ethnic-religious definition of a
person, but it is meant that a free citizen belongs to a
state-nation that assures him all human rights as to its citizen.
Nationality is thus a civil definition, a legal-political concept of
people's life who does not exclude their cultural perceptions
of themselves. So, it is time to learn to distinguish the political-legal level of human life in the community from the
cultural-historical dimension through which a certain national
identity is recognized as specific among others. The Bosnian Serbs
were captured in the mythologist of the 19th century about the
"great Serbian state" in which all Serbs will live and - only Serbs.
In front of them there is a great historical task to overcome their
own misconceptions, self-denial and historical blind alley.
A similar process of liberation from the "Ottoman image of the
world" has already begun by the Bosniaks and they are carrying it
out. In the end, it should be emphasized that in our country the civil has not yet matured in citizenship awareness, but it
entails historicist narratives of Tito-statehood, fraternity and
unity, communism and a one-party world, the monolithic Left,
existence without identity, misunderstanding of anti-Fascism,
bipolar diversity of the world, unable to anticipate the new Bosnian
idea of life, and so on. In fact, the civil has never come
to life in this region as a political culture of respecting a man,
an individual, a free citizen of the Bosnian nation. We still do not
know what it means to be a citizen, free and conscious again in our
We have not considered this in the past thirty years under the siege
of collective metaphysics of ethnic-religious groups. In today's
monstrous political systems, this seems to be utopian, unreal and
unachievable before the dictatorship of party oligarchies, leaders
and their assistants. In that danger is growing the rescue-thing -
Heidegger would remind to Hoelderlin.
Senadin Lavić is a professor at the
Department of the Sociology of Political Sciences Faculty Sarajevo,
at University of Sarajevo, in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Prolific author of numerous books and seminal works, prof. Lavić is
the Chairman of the Bosnian Cultural Union 'Preporod'.
July 18, 2017
Bosnian Reporter Flees After Condemning Mladic Rally
BIRN | Banja Luka
Columnist Dragan Bursac has fled Banja Luka after receiving death threats from supporters of the
former Bosnian Serb military commander Ratko Mladic.
Dragan Bursac. Photo: Curtesy of Bursac
Journalist Dragan Bursac - who received death
threats after criticizing a planned rally in Banja
Luka in support of Ratko Mladic - told BIRN that he
had been forced to go into hiding for some time.
He had reported the death threats he has received to
the police, he added.
Burcac received the highly aggressive threats after
publishing a column expressing deep revulsion at a
planned demonstration in support of the former
Bosnian Serb commander under the slogan “Support for
General Ratko Mladic - Stop the Lies about
It was scheduled to be held on July 11 - on the same
day as the annual commemoration of the 1995 massacre
of Bosniaks in Srebrenica by Bosnian Serb forces
under Mladic’s control.
Courts have deemed the massacre of some 8,000
Bosniaks [Muslims] a genocidal act.
The Interior Ministry of Republika Srpska, the Serb-dominated entity in Bosnia, has since delayed
the rally, citing security issues.
Outraged at the planned rally, Bursac asked whether
people were willing to stand by and watch as “the
Srebrenica genocide is celebrated in Banja Luka?”.
The organizers of the rally were a right-wing
Serbian nationalist movement called the “Zavetnici”,
After that, Bursac received death threats that
forced him to flee Banja Luka.
“I received explicit threats via social networks,
detailing what they would do to me and my family,”
Bursac told BIRN.
In calling off the rally, the interior ministry on
Monday said that it would be unable to patrol the
gathering of an expected 1,000 participants because
most of its police would be away, safeguarding the
commemorative events in Srebrenica itself.
Bursac said it was very problematic that the rally
had not been banned completely but only rescheduled.
“Instead of banning the rally, they have delayed it.
They are saying: ‘OK, fascism is not allowed on July
11, but it will be allowed at a later date,’” he
Burcas said that a silent majority in Banja Luka was
just watching as extremists turned the city into a
hotbed for “Chetniks” – a code word for Serbian
“What do you call a citizen of Banja Luka who will
watch, shrugging and mute, as this lunacy takes
place in the centre of the city? There is a word for
that - an accomplice!” Bursac wrote in his article.
Bursac concluded that his own forced flight was yet
another example of the worsening plight of
journalists in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
“If you are reporting on culture, concerts,
festivals ... you are wonderful, but if you peek
into the pockets of politicians and tycoons, and
refuse to uphold fascism, then you receive death
threats,” he said.
Over 70 more victims of the July 1995 genocide were
due to be buried at the annual ceremony at the
Srebrenica memorial site on July 11.
Mladic is currently on trial in The Hague for
genocide and other crimes in Bosnia and Herzegovina,
with the first-instance verdict expected in
July 14, 2017
REGIONAL SECURITY ARCHITECTURES:
COMPARING ASIA AND EUROPE
Insights from Anis Bajrektarevic
Trans-Pacific View author Mercy Kuo regularly engages subject-matter experts,
policy practitioners, and strategic thinkers across the globe
for their diverse insights into U.S. Asia policy. This
conversation with Dr. Anis Bajrektarevic – chairperson and
professor in international law and global political studies,
Vienna, Austria and editor of the New York-based scientific
journal Geopolitics, History, and International Relations –
is the 98th in “The Trans-Pacific View Insight Series.”
Compare and contract regional security architectures in Asia
all other major theaters have had pan-continental settings in
place already for many decades, such as the Organization of
American States – OAS (American continent); African Union – AU
(Africa); Council of Europe and Organization for Security and
Cooperation in Europe – OSCE (Europe), Asia is rather different.
What becomes apparent, at first glance, is the absence of any
pan-Asian security/ multilateral structure. Prevailing security
structures are bilateral and mostly asymmetric. They range from
the clearly defined and enduring non-aggression security
treaties, through less formal arrangements, up to the Ad hoc
cooperation accords on specific issues.
The presence of the multilateral regional settings is limited to
a very few spots in the largest continent, and even then, they
are rarely mandated with security issues in their declared scope
Another striking feature is that most of the existing bilateral
structures have an Asian state on one side, and an either
peripheral or external protégé country on the other side which
makes them nearly, per definition, asymmetric. The examples are
numerous: the US–Japan, US– S. Korea, US–Singapore,
Russia–India, Australia–East Timor, Russia–North Korea, Japan
–Malaysia, China–Pakistan, US–Pakistan, China–Cambodia, US–Saudi
Arabia, Russia –Iran, China–Burma, India–Maldives, Iran–Syria,
N. Korea–Pakistan, etc.
With Brexit in the UK and the “America First” foreign policy of
the US, please give us your take on the future of NATO.
West is apparently in a serious decline. The UK has been sliding
down for 100 years, absorbing it by a skilful set of planetary
contrasts. The US has been melting ever since the end of WWII.
In 1945, Americans had 54% of global manufacturing output, today
it is hardly a 1/3 of it.
NATO is a relict of Cold War instrumentarium. Currently,
confrontational nostalgia is what keeps it afloat.
Atlantistic world is overcommitted and overstretched. London and
Washington understand that NATO increasingly becomes part of a
problem not a solution, for their own future. Europe goes along
with it. Simply, the Old Continent is not a wealthy club anymore. It is a
theater with a memory of its wealthy past. The EU has to learn
how to deescalate and compromise. This is in its best interest,
for the sake of its only viable future.
Is an Asian version of NATO plausible?
Why does the
world’s largest continent must consider creation of a
comprehensive pan-Asian institution? Not a military pact a’la
NATO (since NATO is only an instrument of American military
presence in Europe) but a true multi-vector and multilateral
instrument. Prevailing security structures in Asia are bilateral
and mostly asymmetric, while Europe enjoys multilateral,
balanced and symmetric setups (the American and African
forthcoming book No Asian century, I go as far as to
claim that irrespective of the impressive economic growth, no
Asian century will emerge without creation of such an
institution. Asia today is a huge running water without clear
river banks - a rising economic
success, social volcano and political hazard.
Identify three ongoing geopolitical risks that Asia and Europe
of the 19th and a good part of 20th
century, a central question of Europe and Euro-Atlantic was how
many ‘Germanys’ Europe can digest – one big, über-performing
and omnipresent, or several Germanophone states in a dynamic
equilibrium with itself and the rest. This and the so-called the
grand accommodation – Germany with Russia or France with Russia
– remains a central security dilemma for many decades to come.
other flank of the world, the entire Asian architecture was
based on an assumption of a weak center; fragmented, backword
and soft mainland China. What we are witnessing now is awaking
of China – reminiscence of an imperial Germany in the heart of
What common linkages underpin U.S. transatlantic and
transpacific relations, and how should the U.S. administration
capitalize on them?
grab for fossil fuels or its military competition for naval
control is not a challenge but rather a boost for the US
Asia-Pacific –even an overall posture. Calibrating the
contraction of its overseas projection and commitments –
managing the decline of an empire – the US does not fail to note
that nowadays half of the world’s merchant tonnage passes though
the South China Sea. Therefore, the US will exploit any regional
territorial dispute and other frictions to its own security
benefit, including the costs sharing of its military presence
with the local partners, as to maintain its pivotal position on
the maritime edge of Asia that arches from the Persian Gulf to
the Indian Ocean, Malacca, the South and East China Sea up to
the northwest–central Pacific.
challenge is always to optimize the (moral, political and
financial) costs in meeting national strategic objectives. In
this case, it would be a resolute Beijing’s turn towards green
technology, coupled with the firm buildup of Asian
multilateralism. Without a grand rapprochement to the champions
of multilateralism in Asia, which are Indonesia, India and
Japan, there is no environment for China to seriously evolve and
emerge as a formidable, lasting and trusted global leader.
Consequently, what China needs in Asia is not a naval race of
1908, but the Helsinki process of 1975. In return, what Asia
needs from China and Japan is the ‘ASEAN-ization’, not the
‘Pakistanization’ of its continent.
About the author:
Anis H. Bajrektarevic
Vienna, 01 MAY 2017
chairperson and professor in international law and global
political studies, Vienna, Austria. He is Editor of the New
York-based scientific journal GHIR (Geopolitics, History, Intl
Relations). Professors authors four books: FB – Geopolitics
of Technology (Addleton Academic Publishers, NY); Geopolitics –
Europe 100 years later (DB, Europe), Geopolitics – Energy – Technology (Germany, LAP).
and Africa – Security structures (Nova, NY) is his latest,
just released book. His new book is No Asian century.
July 1, 2017
WHAT ARE WE DEALING WITH – TRUMP OR DEMOCRACY - By: Tomislav
and Africa – Similarities and difference in Security Structures -
Written by Anis Bajrektarevic and Giuliano Luongo
The Return of Good Policies for Bad Reasons - Populism and
Industrial Policy - Amanda Janoo
Serbia Delivered Srebrenica Refugees to Mladic: Report - Filip Rudic
stuggle on the Balkans - Senadin Lavić
Bosnian Reporter Flees After Condemning Mladic Rally - BIRN - Banja
REGIONAL SECURITY ARCHITECTURES: COMPARING ASIA AND EUROPE -
Insights from Anis Bajrektarevic
“We win, they lose” – Wonderful world of Binary categorisations - (Refeudalisation
of Europe – III Part) - Anis H. Bajrektarevic
Sarajevo, Jerusalem of Europe
Memorandum of Understanding between IFIMES and GBAA
Paris and Pittsburgh, pesticides in Indonesia: When none is best
- Julia Suryakusuma
COMMON SENSE – A RELIC OF THE PAST? - By: Tomislav Jakic
post-Christian West and post-Western World - (Refeudalisation of
Europe – II Part) - Anis H. Bajrektarevic
Zbigniew Brzezinski & the Battle on Post Communism Fascism - By,
Ambassador Muhamed Sacirbey
Post-secular Europe and post-Soviet Russia - Anis H.
The story of a Bosnian woman who lost her entire family to the
terror of the 1990s:“I feel like a cut tree. I am neither alive nor
dead … There is no justice and there will never be,” - Robert
'Schindler List' for Southeast Europe - Pakistanisation as the Final Solution for the Balkans? - Prof.
Brazil in the short Strikes – the ultimate price
of welfare - By Luísa Monteiro
Pimp my s/ride - Ms. Elodie Pichon
SPIRITUALITY AND THE ECONOMY OF CLIMATE CHANGE - Anis H.
Dysfunction in the Balkans? - Zlatko Hadžidedić
SPIRALE OF SENSLESNESS - By: Tomislav Jakic
of the post ideological Russia (Refeudalisation of Europe – I Part)
- Anis Bajrektarevic
king’s “Clash of Civilizations, convergence with Indonesia's
hypocrisy and opportunism - by Julia Suryakusuma
The World’s Last Colony: Morocco continues occupation of Western
Sahara, in defiance of UN - Nizar Visram
Culture as a binding factor in our society, interview with Camilla
Habsburg-Lothringen - By Djoeke Altena
ALL BREAKING BEDS OF OUR MOST FAVOURED AGGRESSOR - By Elodie Pichon
Congress of The Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina (NCR B&H) - March 2,
precariat, militaristic world images and media cynicism - Senadin
EMPIRE STRIKES BACK - By: Tomislav Jakić
Victims, please - Sooyoung Hu
data and the Future of Democracy - by Hannes Grassegger and Mikael
Malta Plan – a humane EU border and asylum policy is possible -
Diplomatic Insight JAN 2017.pdf
of Central Asia Kazakhstan and its “Astana Code of Conduct” - By
Trump, Nuclear Issue and Nuclear War -By: Markus Wauran
TURN - By Tomislav Jakić
the Trump Presidency – Will the Monroe doctrine finally die? -
Misery monetized - By Aleksandra Krstic
Gubernatorial Election 2017: Who Will Be Eliminated? - By: Igor
the Tiger: Combating corruption in the Sino-world - By Lingbo ZHAO
European swamp – corruption and human rights - Gerald Knaus
prof. dr. Anis Bajrektarevic
Editor - Geopolitics, History, International Relations (GHIR) Addleton Academic
Publishers - New YorK
Senior Advisory board member, geopolitics of energy Canadian energy research
institute - ceri, Ottawa/Calgary
Advisory Board Chairman Modern Diplomacy & the md Tomorrow's people platform
Head of mission and department head - strategic studies on Asia
Professor and Chairperson Intl. law & global pol. studies
Critical Similarities and Differences in SS of Asia and Europe - Prof.
Anis H. Bajrektarevic
MENA Saga and Lady Gaga - (Same dilemma from the MENA) - Anis H. Bajrektarevic
HE ONGOING PUBLIC DEBT CRISIS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION: IMPACTS ON AND LESSONS
FOR VIETNAM - Dr. Nguyen Anh Tuan, Assos. Prof. Nguyen Linh
Change and Re Insurance: The Human Security Issue SC-SEA Prof. Anis
Bajrektarevic & Carla Baumer
(Researcher and Lecturer at the Faculty of Social and Politics,
University of Jayabaya)
the ‘crisis of secularism’ in Western Europe the result of multiculturalism?
Dr. Emanuel L. Paparella
A Modest “Australian” Proposal to Resolve our Geo-Political Problems
Were the Crusades Justified? A Revisiting - Dr. Emanuel L. Paparella
Earned an MA in International Relations from the University of East
Anglia in Norwich, United Kingdom in 2013. Her research interests include
foreign policy decision-making, realism and constructivism, and social
psychology and constructivism.
is an independent researcher specialized in International Politics and Peace
& Conflict Studies with a regional focus on the Balkans and the Middle East.
Founder of Internacionalista
Săo Paulo, Brazil
Brazil – New Age
political character of Social Media: How do Greek Internet users perceive and
use social networks?
SWISS UMEF UNIVERSITY
is a master`s degree student on the University for Criminal justice and Security
in Ljubljana. She obtained her bachelor`s degree in Political Science- Defense
George Mason University School of Policy, Government, and
Intl. Relations She focuses on Russia and Central Asia. Ms. Brletich is an
employee of the US Department of Defense.
Interview on HRT-Radio
Prof. dr. Anis Bajrektarević
Dr Filippo ROMEO,
is the outspoken Indonesian thinker,
social-cause fighter and trendsetter. She is the author of Julia’s Jihad.
Mads is an intern at PCRC. Mads Jacobsen is from Denmark and is currently
pursuing his Master's degree in 'Development and International Relations' at
University of Bihac, Faculty of Education,
Department of English Language and Literature - undergraduate
University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Philology, Department of English Language
and Literature - graduate study
Rakesh Krishnan Simha
New Zealand-based journalist and foreign affairs analyst. According to him, he
writes on stuff the media distorts, misses or ignores.
Rakesh started his career in 1995 with New Delhi-based Business World magazine,
and later worked in a string of positions at other leading media houses such as
India Today, Hindustan Times, Business Standard and the Financial Express, where
he was the news editor.
He is the Senior Advisory Board member of one of the fastest growing Europe’s
foreign policy platforms: Modern Diplomacy.
Daniele Scalea, geopolitical
analyst, is Director-general of IsAG (Rome Institute of Geopolitics) and Ph.D.
Candidate in Political studies at the Sapienza University, Rome. Author of three
books, is frequent contributor and columnist to various Tv-channels and
Research Associate at Institute of High
Studies in Geopolitics and Auxiliary Sciences (IsAG), Rome, Italy, and Ph.D.
researcher at University of Padova, is IMN Country Representative in Italy.
Foreign Policy Advisor to former Croatian
President Stjepan Mesić
Graduate of the London School of Economics,
prof. Zlatko Hadžidedić is a prominent thinker,
prolific author of numerous books, and indispensable political figure of the
former Yugoslav socio-political space in 1990s, 2000s and 2010s.
Mr. Nicola Bilotta
Nicola Bilotta has a BA and a MA
in History from Universitŕ degli Studi di Milano and a MSc in Economic History
from the London School of Economics. He works as a Global Finance Research
Assistant at The Banker (Financial Times) and collaborates as an external
researcher at ISAG (Istituto di Alti Studi di Geopolitica e Scienze Ausiliari)
Date and Place of Birth: April 22, 1943 – Amurang,
North Sulawesi, IndonesiaEducation: Bachelor in Public
Writer was a member of the House of Representatives
of Indonesia (DPR/MPR-RI) period of 1987-1999, and Chairman of
Committee X, cover Science and Technology, Environment and National
Development Planning (1988-1997).
Currently as Obsever of Nuclear for peace.
Attached to the US-based Berkeley University,
Sooyoung Hu is a scholar at its Political Science and Peace and Conflict
Studies Department. Miss Hu focuses on international relations, international
organizations and its instruments.
is a Ottawa-based free-lance writer from Zanzibar, Tanzania.
Recently retired Senior lecturer on Development studies, he extensively
publishes in over 50 countries on 4 continents. He can be reached at
Robert Leonard Rope
He studied at the University of
He lives in: San Francisco, California: San Francisco, California, USA